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Protocol - Birthplace of Parents

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Description:

The respondent completes the self-administered questionnaire by indicating his or her biological mother's place of birth. If he or she was born in the United States, an additional question captures the state, if known. If he or she was not born in the United States another open-ended question asks for this location. The same procedures would be followed for obtaining the birthplace of the respondent's father.

Protocol:

(Birthplace of Mother)

The following question has been revised from the original.

Where was your biological mother born?

[ ] In the United States - Print name of state

______________________________

[ ] Outside the United States - Print U.S. Territory (e.g., Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam) or name of foreign country etc.

[ ] Don’t know

(Birthplace of Father)

The following question has been revised from the original.

Where was your biological father born?

[ ] In the United States - Print name of state

_______________________________

[ ] Outside the United States - Print U.S. Territory (e.g., Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam) or name of foreign country etc.

[ ] Don’t know

Protocol Name from Source:

American Community Survey (ACS), 2008

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

This question may be self-administered (as in the source protocol) or administered by an interviewer with a paper-and-pencil or computer-assisted interview. The interviewer must be trained to conduct personal interviews with individuals from the general population. The interviewer must be trained and found to be competent (i.e., tested by an expert) at the completion of personal interviews.* The interviewer should be trained to prompt respondents further if a "don’t know" response is provided.

*There are multiple modes to administer this question (e.g., paper-and-pencil and computer-assisted interviews).

Equipment Needs

Either a paper-and-pencil or computer-assisted instrument may be used. If a computer-assisted instrument is used, computer software may be necessary to develop the instrument. The interviewer will require a laptop computer/handheld computer to administer a computer-assisted questionnaire.

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Self-administered or interviewer-administered questionnaire

Life Stage:

Infant, Toddler, Child, Adolescent, Adult, Senior, Pregnancy

Participants:

Any age. A proxy may also provide this information.

Specific Instructions:

The birthplace of the respondent’s grandparents should also be captured.

Selection Rationale

Birthplace of parents relates to a respondent’s ancestry. An open-ended response was preferred to a coded list of countries. If birthplace of parents is captured, birthplace of grandparents could also be captured to provide additional information about the respondent’s ancestry. For example, the mother and father may be African American and Asian, respectively, and born in the state of Ohio, so the birthplace of grandparents provides much-needed ancestral information.

Language

English, Spanish

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Mother Geographic Birth Place Text 2789931 CDE Browser
Common Data Elements (CDE) Father Geographic Birth Place Text 2789933 CDE Browser
Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) Birthplace of parents proto 63048-3 LOINC
Process and Review

The Expert Review Panel #2 (ERP 2) reviewed the measures in the Demographics, Environmental Exposures, and Social Environments domains.

Guidance from the ERP 2 includes:

• No significant changes to measure

Back-compatible: no changes to Data Dictionary

Previous version in Toolkit archive (link)

Source

U.S. Census Bureau. (2008). American Community Survey (ACS), 2008. Washington, DC: Author. Question number: Person 1, #7.

General References

Public Population Project in Genomics (P3G) Data Schema and Harmonization Platform for Epidemiological Research (DataSHaPER).

U.S. Census Bureau. (2007). 2006 American Community Survey Content Test Report P.1. Evaluation report covering place of birth, U.S. citizenship status, and year of arrival. Washington, DC: Author.

Protocol ID:

10301

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX010301_Father_Birthplace PX010301030000 Where was your biological father born? 4 Variable Mapping
PX010301_Father_Birthplace_Location PX010301040000 Where was your biological father born? In the United States - Print name of state Outside the United States - Print U.S. Territory (e.g., Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam) or name of foreign country etc. 4 N/A
PX010301_Mother_Birthplace PX010301010000 Where was your biological mother born? 4 Variable Mapping
PX010301_Mother_Birthplace_Location PX010301020000 Where was your biological mother born? In the United States - Print name of state Outside the United States - Print U.S. Territory (e.g., Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam) or name of foreign country etc. 4 N/A
Research Domain Information
Measure Name:

Birthplace of Parents

Release Date:

May 31, 2016

Definition

Question asking the respondent for his or her biological mother’s place of birth. Question asking the respondent for his or her biological father’s place of birth.

Purpose

The main reason birthplace of parents (mother and father) is captured is to indicate additional information about the ancestral background of the respondent e.g., whether the respondent is second generation or not, and if so, what immigrant stream he or she is part of.

Keywords

Demographics, ancestry, immigration, race, ethnicity, American Community Survey, ACS, U.S. Census Bureau