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Protocol - Personality Traits

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Description:

The Big Five Inventory (BFI) is a self-administered, 44-question instrument designed to measure the big five dimensions of personality: extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness/intellect.

Protocol:

The following statements concern your perception about yourself in a variety of situations. Your task is to indicate the strength of your agreement with each statement, utilizing a scale in which 1 denotes strong disagreement, 5 denotes strong agreement, and 2, 3, and 4 represent intermediate judgments. In the boxes after each statement, write a number from 1 to 5 from the following scale:

1. Strongly disagree 2. Disagree 3. Neither disagree nor agree 4. Agree 5. Strongly agree

Select the number that most closely reflects you on each statement.

I see myself as someone who...

1. Is talkative

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

2. Tends to find fault with others

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

3. Does a thorough job

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

4. Is depressed, blue

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

5. Is original, comes up with new ideas

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

6. Is reserved

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

7. Is helpful and unselfish with others

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

8. Can be somewhat careless

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

9. Is relaxed, handles stress well

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

10. Is curious about many different things

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

11. Is full of energy

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

12. Starts quarrels with others

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

13. Is a reliable worker

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

14. Can be tense

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

15. Is ingenious, a deep thinker

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

16. Generates a lot of enthusiasm

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

17. Has a forgiving nature

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

18. Tends to be disorganized

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

19. Worries a lot

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

20. Has an active imagination

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

21. Tends to be quiet

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

22. Is generally trusting

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

23. Tends to be lazy

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

24. Is emotionally stable, not easily upset

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

25. Is inventive

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

26. Has an assertive personality

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

27. Can be cold and aloof

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

28. Perseveres until the task is finished

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

29. Can be moody

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

30. Values artistic, aesthetic experiences

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

31. Is sometimes shy, inhibited

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

32. Is considerate, kind to almost everyone

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

33. Does things efficiently

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

34. Remains calm in tense situations

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

35. Prefers work that is routine

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

36. Is outgoing, sociable

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

37. Is sometimes rude to others

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

38. Makes plans and follows through on them

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

39. Gets nervous easily

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

40. Likes to reflect, play with ideas

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

41. Has few artistic interests

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

42. Likes to cooperate with others

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

43. Is easily distracted

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

44. Is sophisticated in art, music, or literature

[ ] 1 Strongly disagree

[ ] 2 Disagree

[ ] 3 Neither disagree nor agree

[ ] 4 Agree

[ ] 5 Strongly agree

SCORING INSTRUCTIONS

Reverse-score the following items:

Extraversion: 6, 21, 31 Agreeableness: 2, 12, 27, 37 Conscientiousness: 8, 18, 23, 43 Neuroticism: 9, 24, 34 Openness: 35, 41

Next, create scale scores for each domain by averaging the following items (where R indicates using the reverse-scored item).

Extraversion: 1, 6R 11, 16, 21R, 26, 31R, 36 Agreeableness: 2R, 7, 12R, 17, 22, 27R, 32, 37R Conscientiousness: 3, 8R, 13, 18R, 23R, 28, 33, 38, 43R Neuroticism: 4, 9R, 14, 19, 24R, 29, 34R, 39 Openness: 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35R, 40, 41R, 44

Optional items:

Liking: 45, 46

Protocol Name from Source:

The Big Five Inventory (BFI)

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Self- or proxy-administered questionnaire

Life Stage:

Adult

Participants:

Individuals aged 18 years or older.

Specific Instructions:

None

Selection Rationale

The Big Five Inventory (BFI) was vetted against similar protocols and selected because it is a validated, brief, self-report instrument that is low burden for investigators and respondents.

Language

Dutch, English, Hebrew, Italian, Lithuanian, Mandarin Chinese, Portugese, Spanish, Swedish

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Person Personality Disorder Assessment Score 3075475 CDE Browser
Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) Personality traits proto 62744-8 LOINC
Process and Review

Expert Review Panel 4 (ERP 4) reviewed the measures in the Neurology, Psychiatric, and Psychosocial domains.

Guidance from ERP 4 included the following:

· No changes

Source

John, O. P., & Srivastava, S. (1999). The Big Five Trait taxonomy: History, measurement, and theoretical perspectives. In L. A. Pervin & O. P. John (Eds.), Handbook of Personality: Theory and Research (2nd ed., pp. 102-138), New York: Guilford Press.

Instructions are from:

Big Five Personality Test website, (c) 2000, 2009 Atof Inc.

Big Five Inventory, (c) 2000 by UC Berkeley psychologist Oliver D. John, PhD.

General References

Instrument is available from Berkeley Personality Lab through registration on the website.

American Psychiatric Association (APA). (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text rev.). Washington, DC: Author.

Benet-Martinez, V., & John, O. P. (1998). Los Cinco Grandes across cultures and ethnic groups: Multitrait multimethod analyses of the Big Five in Spanish and English. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75, 729-750.

John, O. P., Donahue, E. M., & Kentle, R. L. (1991). The Big Five Inventory-Versions 4a and 54. Berkeley, CA: University of California, Berkeley, Institute of Personality and Social Research.

Protocol ID:

121101

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX121101_Active_Imagination PX121101200000 I see myself as someone who... Has an active imagination 4 N/A
PX121101_Aloof PX121101270000 I see myself as someone who... Can be cold and aloof 4 N/A
PX121101_Artistic_Experiences PX121101300000 I see myself as someone who... Values artistic, aesthetic experiences 4 N/A
PX121101_Assertive PX121101260000 I see myself as someone who... Has an assertive personality 4 N/A
PX121101_Considerate PX121101320000 I see myself as someone who... Is considerate, kind to almost everyone 4 N/A
PX121101_Cooperates_With_Others PX121101420000 I see myself as someone who...Likes to cooperate with others 4 N/A
PX121101_Curious PX121101100000 I see myself as someone who... Is curious about many different things 4 N/A
PX121101_Depressed PX121101040000 I see myself as someone who... Is depressed, blue 4 N/A
PX121101_Disorganized PX121101180000 I see myself as someone who... Tends to be disorganized 4 N/A
PX121101_Easily_Distracted PX121101430000 I see myself as someone who... Is easily distracted 4 N/A
PX121101_Efficient PX121101330000 I see myself as someone who... Does things efficiently 4 N/A
PX121101_Emotionally_Stable PX121101240000 I see myself as someone who... Is emotionally stable, not easily upset 4 N/A
PX121101_Energetic PX121101110000 I see myself as someone who... Is full of energy 4 N/A
PX121101_Few_Artistic_Interests PX121101410000 I see myself as someone who... Has few artistic interests 4 N/A
PX121101_Finds_Fault PX121101020000 I see myself as someone who... Tends to find fault with others 4 N/A
PX121101_Follows_Through_On_Plans PX121101380000 I see myself as someone who... Makes plans and follows through on them 4 N/A
PX121101_Forgiving PX121101170000 I see myself as someone who... Has a forgiving nature 4 N/A
PX121101_Generates_Enthusiasm PX121101160000 I see myself as someone who... Generates a lot of enthusiasm 4 N/A
PX121101_Gets_Nervous PX121101390000 I see myself as someone who... Gets nervous easily 4 N/A
PX121101_Helpful PX121101070000 I see myself as someone who... Is helpful and unselfish with others 4 N/A
PX121101_Ingenious PX121101150000 I see myself as someone who... Is ingenious, a deep thinker 4 N/A
PX121101_Inventive PX121101250000 I see myself as someone who... Is inventive 4 N/A
PX121101_Lazy PX121101230000 I see myself as someone who... Tends to be lazy 4 N/A
PX121101_Moody PX121101290000 I see myself as someone who... Can be moody 4 N/A
PX121101_Original PX121101050000 I see myself as someone who... Is original, comes up with new ideas 4 N/A
PX121101_Outgoing PX121101360000 I see myself as someone who... Is outgoing, sociable 4 N/A
PX121101_Persevere PX121101280000 I see myself as someone who... Perseveres until the task is finished 4 N/A
PX121101_Prefers_Routine PX121101350000 I see myself as someone who... Prefers work that is routine 4 N/A
PX121101_Quiet PX121101210000 I see myself as someone who... Tends to be quiet 4 N/A
PX121101_Reflective PX121101400000 I see myself as someone who... Likes to reflect, play with ideas 4 N/A
PX121101_Relaxed PX121101090000 I see myself as someone who... Is relaxed, handles stress well 4 N/A
PX121101_Reliable_Worker PX121101130000 I see myself as someone who... Is a reliable worker 4 N/A
PX121101_Remains_Calm PX121101340000 I see myself as someone who... Remains calm in tense situations 4 N/A
PX121101_Reserved PX121101060000 I see myself as someone who... Is reserved 4 N/A
PX121101_Rude_To_Others PX121101370000 I see myself as someone who... Is sometimes rude to others 4 N/A
PX121101_Shy_Inhibited PX121101310000 I see myself as someone who... Is sometimes shy, inhibited 4 N/A
PX121101_Somewhat_Careless PX121101080000 I see myself as someone who... Can be somewhat careless 4 N/A
PX121101_Sophisticated_Art_Music_Literature PX121101440000 I see myself as someone who... Is sophisticated in art, music or literature 4 N/A
PX121101_Starts_Quarrels PX121101120000 I see myself as someone who... Starts quarrels with others 4 N/A
PX121101_Talkative PX121101010000 I see myself as someone who... Is talkative 4 N/A
PX121101_Tense PX121101140000 I see myself as someone who... Can be tense 4 N/A
PX121101_Thorough_Job PX121101030000 I see myself as someone who... Does a thorough job 4 N/A
PX121101_Trusting PX121101220000 I see myself as someone who... Is generally trusting 4 N/A
PX121101_Worries PX121101190000 I see myself as someone who... Worries a lot 4 N/A
Research Domain Information
Measure Name:

Personality Traits

Release Date:

May 12, 2010

Definition

A questionnaire to assess personality traits.

Purpose

This measure is used to score an individual for the five factors of personality, which in turn are predictive of personality disorders. Most personality disorders are prevalent in a small percentage of the general population and often co-occur with other mental disorders, including depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and eating disorders. Some personality disorders, such as antisocial personality disorder, borderline personality disorder and schizotypal personality disorder demonstrate a familial pattern with a greater risk among first-order relatives of affected individuals when compared to the general population (APA, 2000).

Keywords

Psychiatric, personality, personality disorder, paranoid personality disorder, antisocial personality disorder, borderline personality disorder, dependent personality disorder