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Protocol - Physical Activity Self-Efficacy - Adult

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Description:

The participant is asked to complete a brief set of questions about his or her perceived ability to perform physical activity in the event that common barriers exist that may impede regular participation. The participant is asked to respond by circling a percentage on a scale of 0% to 100% that relates to the confidence he or she has in performing physical activity with an existing barrier (e.g., bad weather).

Protocol:

The following items reflect situations that are listed as common reasons for preventing individuals from participating in exercise sessions or, in some cases, dropping out. Using the scales below please indicate how confident you are that you could exercise in the event that any of the following circumstances were to occur.

Please indicate the degree to which you are confident that you could exercise in the event that any of the following circumstances were to occur by circling the appropriate %. Select the response that most closely matches your own, remembering that there are no right or wrong answers.

For example, in question #1 if you have complete confidence that you could exercise even if "the weather was very bad," you would circle 100%. If, however, you had no confidence at all that you could exercise, if you failed to make or continue making progress (that is, confidence you would not exercise), you would circle 0%.

0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%
NOT AT ALL MODERATELY HIGHLY
CONFIDENT CONFIDENT CONFIDENT

I BELIEVE THAT I COULD EXERCISE 3 TIMES PER WEEK FOR THE NEXT 3 MONTHS IF:

1. The weather was very bad (hot, humid, rainy, cold).

0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

2. I was bored by the program or activity.

0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

3. I was on vacation.

0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

I BELIEVE THAT I COULD EXERCISE 3 TIMES PER WEEK FOR THE NEXT 3 MONTHS IF:

4. I was not interested in the activity.

0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

5. I felt pain or discomfort when exercising.

0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

6. I had to exercise alone.

0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

7. It was not fun or enjoyable.

0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

8. It became difficult to get to the exercise location.

0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

9. I didn’t like the particular activity program that I was involved in.

0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

I BELIEVE THAT I COULD EXERCISE 3 TIMES PER WEEK FOR THE NEXT 3 MONTHS IF:

10. My schedule conflicted with my exercise session.

0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

11. I felt self-conscious about my appearance when I exercised.

0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

12. An instructor does not offer me any encouragement.

0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

13. I was under personal stress of some kind.

0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

Scoring

Sum all items and divide by 13. Higher scores indicate greater exercise self-efficacy, or confidence in one’s ability to exercise although barriers exist.

Protocol Name from Source:

McAuley, E. (1992). The role of efficacy cognitions in the prediction of exercise behavior in middle-aged adults. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 15, 65-88.

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Self-administered questionnaire

Life Stage:

Adult, Senior

Participants:

Ages 18 or older

Specific Instructions:

This questionnaire should be administered after individuals have experience with the behavior (e.g., after they have been exercising for 1 week).

Note from the Expert Review Panel:

The protocol text includes the word "exercise" in some of the items. It may be more appropriate to refer to "exercise" as "physical activity," but the protocol was not changed for consistency.

Selection Rationale

Physical activity self-efficacy has been found to be a significant mediator in the maintenance of exercise behavior. This protocol has been developed following accepted methods of self-efficacy measure development and is commonly used with older adults.

Language

English

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Adolescent Physical Activity Self-Efficacy Assessment Score 3107320 CDE Browser
Common Data Elements (CDE) Adult Physical Activity Self-Efficacy Assessment Score 3107324 CDE Browser
Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) Phys act self efficacy adult proto 62845-3 LOINC
Process and Review

The Expert Review Panel #1 reviewed the measures in the Anthropometrics, Diabetes, Physical Activity and Physical Fitness, and Nutrition and Dietary Supplements domains.

Guidance from the ERP includes:

  • No significant changes

Back-compatible: no changes to Data Dictionary

Previous version in Toolkit archive (link)

Source

McAuley, E. (1992). The role of efficacy cognitions in the prediction of exercise behavior in middle-aged adults. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 15, 65-88.

General References

Bandura, A. (2006). Guide for constructing self-efficacy scales. In F. Pajares & T. Urdan (Eds.), Self-efficacy beliefs of adolescents (pp. 307-337). Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.

Protocol ID:

151302

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX151302_Bad_Weather PX151302010000 I BELIEVE THAT I COULD EXERCISE 3 TIMES PER WEEK FOR THE NEXT 3 MONTHS IF: The weather was very bad (hot, humid, rainy, cold). 4 N/A
PX151302_Bored PX151302020000 I BELIEVE THAT I COULD EXERCISE 3 TIMES PER WEEK FOR THE NEXT 3 MONTHS IF: I was bored by the program or activity. 4 N/A
PX151302_Conflicting_Schedule PX151302100000 I BELIEVE THAT I COULD EXERCISE 3 TIMES PER WEEK FOR THE NEXT 3 MONTHS IF: My schedule conflicted with my exercise session. 4 N/A
PX151302_Did_Not_Like_Activity PX151302090000 I BELIEVE THAT I COULD EXERCISE 3 TIMES PER WEEK FOR THE NEXT 3 MONTHS IF: I didn't like the particular activity program that I was involved in. 4 N/A
PX151302_Difficult_Get_To_Location PX151302080000 I BELIEVE THAT I COULD EXERCISE 3 TIMES PER WEEK FOR THE NEXT 3 MONTHS IF: It became difficult to get to the exercise location. 4 N/A
PX151302_Exercise_Alone PX151302060000 I BELIEVE THAT I COULD EXERCISE 3 TIMES PER WEEK FOR THE NEXT 3 MONTHS IF: I had to exercise alone. 4 N/A
PX151302_Not_Enjoyable PX151302070000 I BELIEVE THAT I COULD EXERCISE 3 TIMES PER WEEK FOR THE NEXT 3 MONTHS IF: It was not fun or enjoyable. 4 N/A
PX151302_Not_Interested PX151302040000 I BELIEVE THAT I COULD EXERCISE 3 TIMES PER WEEK FOR THE NEXT 3 MONTHS IF: I was not interested in the activity. 4 N/A
PX151302_No_Encouragement PX151302120000 I BELIEVE THAT I COULD EXERCISE 3 TIMES PER WEEK FOR THE NEXT 3 MONTHS IF: An instructor does not offer me any encouragement. 4 N/A
PX151302_Pain PX151302050000 I BELIEVE THAT I COULD EXERCISE 3 TIMES PER WEEK FOR THE NEXT 3 MONTHS IF: I felt pain or discomfort when exercising. 4 N/A
PX151302_Personal_Stress PX151302130000 I BELIEVE THAT I COULD EXERCISE 3 TIMES PER WEEK FOR THE NEXT 3 MONTHS IF: I was under personal stress of some kind. 4 N/A
PX151302_Self_Conscious_About_Appearance PX151302110000 I BELIEVE THAT I COULD EXERCISE 3 TIMES PER WEEK FOR THE NEXT 3 MONTHS IF: I felt self-conscious about my appearance when I exercised. 4 N/A
PX151302_Vacation PX151302030000 I BELIEVE THAT I COULD EXERCISE 3 TIMES PER WEEK FOR THE NEXT 3 MONTHS IF: I was on vacation. 4 N/A
Research Domain Information
Measure Name:

Physical Activity Self Efficacy

Release Date:

October 1, 2015

Definition

This is a measure of a person’s confidence in his or her ability to be physically active on a regular basis.

Purpose

Physical activity self-efficacy is a behavioral factor that can predict whether a person will regularly engage in physical activity and can predict various health outcomes (e.g., quality of life). Physical activity self-efficacy has been found to be a significant mediator in maintaining physical activity behavior.

Keywords

Physical Activity and Physical Fitness, exercise, frequency of exercise