Protocol - Pain
The short form of the Brief Pain Inventory© (BPI) is a nine item, self-administered questionnaire for assessing clinical pain. The short form assesses the degree to which the respondent has experienced pain, and the degree to which his or her pain affects functional ability. The Brief Pain Inventory User's Guide© contains detailed information regarding the development and validity of the tool and scoring instructions.
Summary of the short form of the Brief Pain Inventory
The short form of the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI)© is a widely used questionnaire in clinical trials in which participants experience pain due to acute or chronic diseases/conditions. These diseases and conditions include but are not limited to low back pain, osteoarthritis, gastrointestinal diseases, cardiovascular conditions, musculoskeletal diseases, and cancer. The Brief Pain Inventory© is a self-administered questionnaire regarding the presence, severity, and localization of pain and the degree of impact on daily functions because of pain. The time period for the majority of questions on the Brief Pain Inventory © is the last 24 hours. The Brief Pain Inventory© pain assessment is done by the respondent selecting a number on a pain rating scale of 0 (no pain) to 10 (pain as bad as you can imagine), whereas the assessment of impact on functional ability is done by the respondent selecting a number on a rating scale of 0 (does not interfere) to 10 (completely interferes). Although there is no scoring algorithm in the form, the Brief Pain Inventory User's Guide© contains scoring information, which details how to score the respondent's pain intensity (severity) and the impact of pain (interference) on functioning.
The Brief Pain Inventory. Copyright© 1991 Charles S. Cleeland, PhD, Pain Research Group. All rights reserved.
Protocol Name from Source:
The Expert Review Panel has not reviewed this measure yet.
Personnel and Training Required
The respondent will need a copy of the short form of the Brief Pain Inventory user's guide©.
|Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection||No|
|Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual||No|
Mode of Administration
Adults, Older adults
The Brief Pain Inventory© is a proprietary tool and as such may have an associated cost. This cost is dependent on whether the use of the tool is part of individual clinical practice or academic research. If academic research, the funding source of the research and the language version of the Brief Pain Inventory© are cost-determining factors. Please contact Dr. Charles Cleeland at the contact information listed in the Source section for more details.
The Brief Pain Inventory (BPI)© is available in a short and a long form. The short form of the Brief Pain Inventory © was selected because it is well vetted and widely used in clinical trials. Additionally, the short version of the Brief Pain Inventory© is the version used for foreign-language translations and is the recommended version for brevity and ease of patients' use.
Afrikaans, Arabic, Bengali, Bulgarian, Cebuano, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, Filipino, French, German, Greek, Gurajathi, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Kannada, Korean, Malay, Malayalam, Mandarin Chinese, Marathi, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovenian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Tamil, Thai, Telugu, Turkish, Ukrainian
|Common Data Elements (CDE)||Brief Pain Inventory Assessment Description Text||3158263||CDE Browser|
|Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC)||Pain proto||62904-8||LOINC|
Process and Review
The Expert Review Panel has not reviewed this measure yet.
The Brief Pain Inventory© is under copyright by Dr. Charles S. Cleeland of The Department of Symptom Research, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.
The Brief Pain Inventory© is a proprietary instrument and can be obtained through:
Charles S. Cleeland, PhD
Professor and Chair, Department of Symptom Research
The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center
1515 Holcombe Boulevard, Unit 1450
Houston, Texas 77030
Or by visiting the website of the Department of Symptom Research at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.
The Brief Pain Inventory. Copyright © 1991 Charles S. Cleeland, PhD Pain Research Group. All rights reserved.
Cleeland, C. S., & Ryan, K. M. (1994). Pain assessment: Global use of the Brief Pain Inventory. Annals, Academy of Medicine, Singapore, 23(2), 129–138.
Mystakidou, K., Mendoza, T., Tsilika, E., Befon, S., Parpa, E., Bellos, G., Vlahos, L., & Cleeland, C. (2001). Greek Brief Pain Inventory: Validation and utility in cancer pain. Oncology, 60(1), 35–42.
Mendoza, T. R., Mayne, T., Rublee, D., & Cleeland, C. S. (2006). Reliability and validity of a modified Brief Pain Inventory short form in patients with osteoarthritis. European Journal of Pain, 10(4), 353–361.
Keller, S., Bann, C. M., Dodd, S. L., Schein, J., Mendoza, T. R., & Cleeland, C. S. (2004). Validity of the Brief Pain Inventory for use in documenting the outcomes of patients with noncancer pain. The Clinical Journal of Pain, 20(5), 309–318.
Mendoza, T. R., Chen, C., Brugger, A., Hubbard, R., Snabes, M., Palmer, S. N., Zhang, Q., & Cleeland, C. S. (2004). The utility and validity of the modified Brief Pain Inventory in a multiple-dose postoperative analgesic trial. The Clinical Journal of Pain, 20(5), 357–362.
|Variable Name||Variable ID||Variable Description||Version||dbGaP Mapping|
|PX170401000000||Protocol 170401 - proprietary. Check DCW for contact.||4||N/A|
November 12, 2010
This measure is a questionnaire to determine the presence, location, and intensity of body pain, and the extent to which this pain has affected various aspects of the respondent's life.
Pain is a very commonly occurring symptom that affects individuals with diseases/conditions, such as osteoarthritis, gastrointestinal diseases, cardiovascular conditions, neuromuscular disorders, and cancer that are the focus of genome wide association studies (GWAS) and other large population-based studies.
arthritis, pain, ache, muscle soreness, proprietary, bone, joint