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Protocol - Emotional State - Child

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Description:

The Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule-Child Form (PANAS-C) is a 30-item, self-report questionnaire used to measure the respondent’s emotions during the past few weeks. The items are grouped into the subscales indicated in the title of the protocol: positive affect and negative affect. The respondent is asked to read several words that describe feelings and emotions and enter a number that corresponds to the value on a scale. The 5-item scale ranges from "not much or not at all," with a value of 1, to "a lot," with a value of 5.

Protocol:

Feelings and Emotions (PANAS-C)

This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions.

Read each item and then circle the appropriate answer next to that word.

Indicate how much you have felt this way during the past few weeks.

Not much or not at all

A little

Some

Quite a bit

A lot

Interested

1

2

3

4

5

Sad

1

2

3

4

5

Frightened

1

2

3

4

5

Alert

1

2

3

4

5

Excited

1

2

3

4

5

Ashamed

1

2

3

4

5

Upset

1

2

3

4

5

Happy

1

2

3

4

5

Strong

1

2

3

4

5

Nervous

1

2

3

4

5

Guilty

1

2

3

4

5

Energetic

1

2

3

4

5

Scared

1

2

3

4

5

Calm

1

2

3

4

5

Miserable

1

2

3

4

5

Jittery

1

2

3

4

5

Cheerful

1

2

3

4

5

Active

1

2

3

4

5

Proud

1

2

3

4

5

Afraid

1

2

3

4

5

Joyful

1

2

3

4

5

Lonely

1

2

3

4

5

Mad

1

2

3

4

5

Fearless

1

2

3

4

5

Disgusted

1

2

3

4

5

Delighted

1

2

3

4

5

Blue

1

2

3

4

5

Daring

1

2

3

4

5

Gloomy

1

2

3

4

5

Lively

1

2

3

4

5

PANAS-C SCORING SHEET

Instructions: Record the child or adolescent's rating for each item in the appropriate blank.

Ratings are from 1 to 5. To obtain the score for the positive affect (PA) scale, add the raw scores for the 12 items that compose the PA scale. Similarly, adding the raw scores for the 15 items that compose the negative affect (NA) scale results in the score for the NA scale.

Positive Affect (rated 1-5) _______Negative Affect (rated 1-5) _______
Interested _______ Sad _______
Excited _______Frightened _______
Happy _______Ashamed _______
Strong _______Upset _______
Energetic _______Nervous _______
Calm _______Guilty _______
Cheerful _______Scared _______
Active _______Miserable _______
Proud _______Jittery _______
Joyful _______Afraid _______
Delighted _______Lonely _______
Lively _______Mad _______
Disgusted _______
Blue _______
Gloomy _______

PA Total _______

NA Total _______
Protocol Name from Source:

Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule-Child Form (PANAS-C)

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Self-administered questionnaire

Life Stage:

Child, Adolescent

Participants:

Ages 9-17 years

Specific Instructions:

None

Selection Rationale

The Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule-Child Form (PANAS-C) is a brief instrument derived from the well-established PANAS, PANAS-Expanded Form (PANAS-X), and other emotion scales. The PANAS-C has been used successfully on large studies of children and exhibits high reliability and good convergent and discriminant validity.

Language

English

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Child Emotional State Assessment Score 3163015 CDE Browser
Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) Emotional state - child proto 62924-6 LOINC
Process and Review

Expert Review Panel 4 (ERP 4) reviewed the measures in the Neurology, Psychiatric, and Psychosocial domains.

Guidance from ERP 4 included the following:

· No changes

Source

Laurent, J., Catanzaro, S. J., Joiner, T. E., Jr., Rudolph, K. D., Potter, K. I., Lambert, S., Osborne, L., & Gathright, T. (1999). A measure of positive and negative affect for children: Scale development and preliminary validation. Psychological Assessment, 11(3), 326-338.

General References

Laurent, J., Catanzaro, S. J., & Joiner, T. E., Jr. (2004). Development and preliminary validation of the Physiological Hyperarousal Scale for Children. Psychological Assessment, 16(4), 373-380.

Protocol ID:

180502

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX180502_Active PX180502180000 Active 4 N/A
PX180502_Afraid PX180502200000 Afraid 4 N/A
PX180502_Alert PX180502040000 Alert 4 N/A
PX180502_Ashamed PX180502060000 Ashamed 4 N/A
PX180502_Blue PX180502270000 Blue 4 N/A
PX180502_Calm PX180502140000 Calm 4 N/A
PX180502_Cheerful PX180502170000 Cheerful 4 N/A
PX180502_Daring PX180502280000 Daring 4 N/A
PX180502_Delighted PX180502260000 Delighted 4 N/A
PX180502_Disgusted PX180502250000 Disgusted 4 N/A
PX180502_Energetic PX180502120000 Energetic 4 N/A
PX180502_Excited PX180502050000 Excited 4 N/A
PX180502_Fearless PX180502240000 Fearless 4 N/A
PX180502_Frightened PX180502030000 Frightened 4 N/A
PX180502_Gloomy PX180502290000 Gloomy 4 N/A
PX180502_Guilty PX180502110000 Guilty 4 N/A
PX180502_Happy PX180502080000 Happy 4 N/A
PX180502_Interested PX180502010000 Interested 4 N/A
PX180502_Jittery PX180502160000 Jittery 4 N/A
PX180502_Joyful PX180502210000 Joyful 4 N/A
PX180502_Lively PX180502300000 Lively 4 N/A
PX180502_Lonely PX180502220000 Lonely 4 N/A
PX180502_Mad PX180502230000 Mad 4 N/A
PX180502_Miserable PX180502150000 Miserable 4 N/A
PX180502_Nervous PX180502100000 Nervous 4 N/A
PX180502_Proud PX180502190000 Proud 4 N/A
PX180502_Sad PX180502020000 Sad 4 N/A
PX180502_Scared PX180502130000 Scared 4 N/A
PX180502_Strong PX180502090000 Strong 4 N/A
PX180502_Upset PX180502070000 Upset 4 N/A
Research Domain Information
Measure Name:

Emotional State

Release Date:

December 13, 2010

Definition

This measure assesses positive and negative aspects of a person’s mood.

Purpose

The Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) measures the two broadest dimensions of emotional state (positive and negative affect). PANAS also includes subscales used to measure more specific emotions within these broad groupings. Positive affect and negative affect have been associated with mental health problems such as depression and anxiety.

Keywords

Mood, feelings, emotions, anxiety, depression, stress, proprietary