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Protocol - General Self-Efficacy - Adult

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Description:

This is a 10-item, self-administered set of questions used to assess self-efficacy.

Protocol:

Please read the following questions and circle the best response.

  1. I can always manage to solve difficult problems if I try hard enough.

1 [ ] Not at all true

2 [ ] Hardly true

3 [ ] Moderately true

4 [ ] Exactly true

  1. If someone opposes me, I can find the means and ways to get what I want.

1 [ ] Not at all true

2 [ ] Hardly true

3 [ ] Moderately true

4 [ ] Exactly true

  1. It is easy for me to stick to my aims and accomplish my goals.

1 [ ] Not at all true

2 [ ] Hardly true

3 [ ] Moderately true

4 [ ] Exactly true

  1. I am confident that I could deal efficiently with unexpected events.

1 [ ] Not at all true

2 [ ] Hardly true

3 [ ] Moderately true

4 [ ] Exactly true

  1. Thanks to my resourcefulness, I know how to handle unforeseen situations.

1 [ ] Not at all true

2 [ ] Hardly true

3 [ ] Moderately true

4 [ ] Exactly true

  1. I can solve most problems if I invest the necessary effort.

1 [ ] Not at all true

2 [ ] Hardly true

3 [ ] Moderately true

4 [ ] Exactly true

  1. I can remain calm when facing difficulties because I can rely on my coping abilities.

1 [ ] Not at all true

2 [ ] Hardly true

3 [ ] Moderately true

4 [ ] Exactly true

  1. When I am confronted with a problem, I can usually find several solutions.

1 [ ] Not at all true

2 [ ] Hardly true

3 [ ] Moderately true

4 [ ] Exactly true

  1. If I am in trouble, I can usually think of a solution.

1 [ ] Not at all true

2 [ ] Hardly true

3 [ ] Moderately true

4 [ ] Exactly true

  1. I can usually handle whatever comes my way.

1 [ ] Not at all true

2 [ ] Hardly true

3 [ ] Moderately true

4 [ ] Exactly true

Scoring: Responses are made on a 4-point scale. Sum up the responses to all 10 items to yield the final composite score with a range from 10 to 40. Do not recode any of the responses.

Protocol Name from Source:

Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Self-administered questionnaire

Life Stage:

Adolescent, Adult

Participants:

Ages 12 years or older

Specific Instructions:

None

Selection Rationale

The scale has been widely used for two decades and is available in 32 languages. It is suitable for a broad range of applications. Reliability is good, with Cronbach’s alphas (statistics used to measure reliability) ranging from 0.76 to 0.90 in surveys in 23 nations.

Language

English, German, Spanish, in a total of 32 languages

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Adult Self-Efficacy Assessment Scale 3162914 CDE Browser
Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) Gen self-efficacy - adult proto 62926-1 LOINC
Process and Review

Expert Review Panel 4 (ERP 4) reviewed the measures in the Neurology, Psychiatric, and Psychosocial domains.

Guidance from ERP 4 included the following:

· Revised description of the measure

Source

Schwarzer, R., & Jerusalem, M. (1995). Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale. In J. Weinman, S. Wright, & M. Johnston (Eds.), Measures in health psychology: A user’s portfolio. Causal and control beliefs (pp. 35-37). Windsor, United Kingdom: National Foundation for Educational Research-Nelson.

General References

Luszczynska, A., Scholz, U., & Schwarzer, R. (2005). The General Self-Efficacy Scale: Multicultural validation studies. Journal of Psychology, 139(5), 439-457.

Zhang, J., Cui, M., Wang, W., Lu, H., Wu, Q., Zhu, X., Miao, D., Zhang, Y., Feng, X., & Xiao, W. (2014). The coexistence of coping resources and specific coping styles in stress: Evidence from full information item bifactor analysis. PLoS One, 9(5), e96451.

Protocol ID:

180601

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX180601_Can_Get_What_I_Want PX180601020000 If someone opposes me, I can find the means and ways to get what I want. 4 N/A
PX180601_Can_Remain_Calm PX180601070000 I can remain calm when facing difficulties because I can rely on my coping abilities. 4 N/A
PX180601_Can_Solve_Difficult_Problems PX180601010000 I can always manage to solve difficult problems if I try hard enough. 4 N/A
PX180601_Can_Solve_Most_Problems PX180601060000 I can solve most problems if I invest the necessary effort. 4 N/A
PX180601_Can_Usually_Find_Several_Solutions PX180601080000 When I am confronted with a problem, I can usually find several solutions. 4 N/A
PX180601_Can_Usually_Think_Of_Solution PX180601090000 If I am in trouble, I can usually think of a solution. 4 N/A
PX180601_Deal_Efficiently_With_Unexpected_Events PX180601040000 I am confident that I could deal efficiently with unexpected events. 4 N/A
PX180601_Easy_To_Accomplish_My_Goals PX180601030000 It is easy for me to stick to my aims and accomplish my goals. 4 N/A
PX180601_Handle_Unforeseen_Situations PX180601050000 Thanks to my resourcefulness, I know how to handle unforeseen situations. 4 N/A
PX180601_Handle_Whatever_Comes PX180601100000 I can usually handle whatever comes my way. 4 N/A
Research Domain Information
Measure Name:

General Self-Efficacy

Release Date:

December 13, 2010

Definition

This is a measure of an individual’s belief about whether problems or barriers can be confronted and addressed with a successful outcome.

Purpose

The scale generated by this assessment can be used to determine how the respondent copes with daily hassles and adapts to stressful life events. Self-efficacy is indicative of subsequent behavior and can be used for clinical practice and psychological research.

Keywords

Psychosocial, self-efficacy