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Protocol - Exposures to Violence, Trauma, and Victimization - Child

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Description:

The respondent is asked a comprehensive list of questions about trauma and victimization experiences over his/her lifetime. If the respondent answers "yes" to the first question, the interviewer administers additional follow-up questions about the event. Follow-up questions collect information about the person’s age, when the event occurred, whether serious injury or death was involved, if there was an intense feeling of fear and helplessness, the frequency of the event, and whether anyone else ever tried to harm the person in the same way. The questions are sensitive and cover subjects such as physical violence, sexual abuse, suicide, and murder.

Protocol:

LIFETIME TRAUMA AND VICTIMIZATION HISTORY (LTVH) INSTRUMENT- Child Version

Some people have had very scary and upsetting things happen to them at home, in their neighborhood, or someplace else. Other people have not had very scary things happen to them. I’m going to ask you about things that may or may not have happened to you. Please answer "Yes" if any of these things has happened to you or "No" if it has not happened to you.

1. Have you ever been involved in a natural disaster, like a tornado, a hurricane, a flood, or an earthquake?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2 (Go to 2)

How old were you the first time it happened?

AGE:____

Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Were you very scared?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Was there another time you were involved in a natural disaster, like a tornado, hurricane, flood, or earthquake?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

2. Have you ever been involved in a man-made disaster, like a fire, a train crash, a car accident, or a building falling down?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2 (Go to 3)

How old were you the first time it happened?

AGE:____

Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Were you very scared?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Was there another time you were involved in a man-made disaster, like a fire, a train crash, a car accident, or a building falling down?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

3. Have you ever fought in a war?

[NOTE: INCLUDE POLICE SHOOTOUTS AND GANG FIGHTS]

Yes ... 1

No .... 2 (Go to 4)

How old were you the first time it happened?

AGE:____

Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Were you very scared?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Was there another time where you fought in a war?

[NOTE: INCLUDE POLICE SHOOTOUTS AND GANG FIGHTS]

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

4. Have you ever lived in a war zone? (For example, Iraq or Bosnia).

[IF R SAYS THEIR NEIGHBORHOOD IS LIKE A WAR ZONE, CHOOSE ’YES’]

Yes ... 1

No .... 2 (Go to 5)

How old were you the first time it happened?

AGE:____

Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Were you very scared?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Was there another time that you lived in a war zone? (For example, Iraq or Bosnia).

[IF R SAYS THEIR NEIGHBORHOOD IS LIKE A WAR ZONE, CHOOSE ’YES’]

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

5. Have you ever had a serious accident at home, at school, or somewhere else?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2 (Go to 6)

How old were you the first time it happened?

AGE:____

Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Were you very scared?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Was there another time you had a serious accident at home, at school, or somewhere else?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

6. Have you ever been exposed to dangerous chemicals or radioactivity?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2 (Go to 7)

How old were you the first time it happened?

AGE:____

Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Were you very scared?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening?

Yes ... 1

No .....2

Was there another time you were exposed to dangerous chemicals or radioactivity?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

7. Has anyone ever shot at you, stabbed you, hit you, kicked you, beaten you, punched you, slapped you around, or hurt your body in some other way?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2 (Go to 8)

How old were you the first time it happened?

AGE:____

Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Were you very scared?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

How many times did this person do this to you?

# of TIMES:

_______

How old were you the last time this person did this to you?

AGE: _____

Has anyone else ever shot at you, stabbed you, hit you, kicked you, beaten you, punched you, slapped you around, or hurt your body in some other way?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

8. Has anyone ever threatened to hurt you with any kind of a weapon, like a knife, a gun, a baseball bat, a frying pan, scissors, a stick, a rock, or a bottle?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2 (Go to 9)

How old were you the first time it happened?

AGE:____

Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Were you very scared?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

How many times did this person do this to you?

# of TIMES:

________

How old were you the last time this person did this to you?

AGE:

____

Has anyone else ever threatened to hurt you with any kind of a weapon?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

9. Has anyone ever threatened to hurt you when they were standing right in front of you?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2 (Go to 10)

How old were you the first time it happened?

AGE:____

Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Were you very scared?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

How many times did this person do this to you?

# of TIMES:

________

How old were you the last time this person did this to you?

AGE: _____

Has anyone else ever threatened to hurt you when they were standing right in front of you?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

10. Has anyone ever actually hurt you with any kind of a weapon, like a knife, a gun, a baseball bat, a frying pan, scissors, a stick, a rock, or a bottle?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2 (Go to 11)

How old were you the first time it happened?

AGE:____

Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Were you very scared?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

How many times did this person do this to you?

# of TIMES:

________

How old were you the last time this person did this to you?

AGE: _____

Has anyone else ever actually hurt you with any kind of a weapon, like a knife, a gun, a baseball bat, a frying pan, scissors, a stick, a rock, or a bottle?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

11. Before you turned 12 years old (when you were in grade school), did anyone ever hit you, kick you, beat you, punch you, slap you around, or hurt your body in some other way?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2 (Go to 12)

How old were you the first time it happened?

AGE:____

Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Were you very scared?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

How many times did this person do this to you?

# of TIMES:

________

How old were you the last time this person did this to you?

AGE: _____

Before you turned 12, did anyone else ever hit you, kick you, beat you, punch you, slap you around, or hurt your body in some other way?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

12. Before you turned 12 years old (when you were in grade school), were you ever physically abused?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2 (Go to 13)

How old were you the first time it happened?

AGE:____

Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Were you very scared?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

How many times did this person do this to you?

# of TIMES:

________

How old were you the last time this person did this to you?

AGE: _____

Before you turned 12, did anyone else ever physically abuse you?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

13. Has anyone--male or female--ever forced or pressured you into doing something sexual that you didn’t want to do? By "something sexual," we mean someone putting an object or part of their body inside your private sexual parts, inside your rear end, or inside your mouth; we also mean someone putting your private parts inside their mouth.

Yes ... 1

No .... 2 (Go to 14)

How old were you the first time it happened?

AGE:____

Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Were you very scared?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

How many times did this person do this to you?

# of TIMES:

________

How old were you the last time this person did this to you?

AGE: _____

Has anyone else--male or female--ever forced or pressured you into doing something sexual that you didn’t want to do?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

14. Other than what we just talked about, have there been any other times when anyone, male or female, ever tried to force or bully you into doing something sexual that you didn’t want to do, but it didn’t end up happening (for example, you stopped them or someone else stopped them)?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2 (Go to 15)

How old were you the first time it happened?

AGE:____

Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Were you very scared?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

How many times did this person do this to you?

# of TIMES:

________

How old were you the last time this person did this to you?

AGE: _____

Was there any other time when anyone, male or female, tried to force or bully you into doing something sexual that you didn’t want to do, but it didn’t end up happening?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

15. Other than what we just talked about, have there been any other times when anyone actually touched private parts of your body or made you touch theirs when you didn’t want to?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2 (Go to 16)

How old were you the first time it happened?

AGE:____

Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Were you very scared?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

How many times did this person do this to you?

# of TIMES:

________

How old were you the last time this person did this to you?

AGE: _____

Has anyone else ever actually touched private parts of your body or made you touch theirs when you didn’t want to?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

16. Have you ever known someone who was murdered; that is, a parent, a brother, a sister, a very close friend, a boyfriend or girlfriend, or someone who lived with you?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2 (Go to 17)

How old were you the first time it happened?

AGE:____

Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Were you very scared?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Was anyone else murdered who was a parent, a brother, a sister, a very close friend, a boyfriend or girlfriend, or someone who lived with you?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

17. Have you ever seen or been present when someone was murdered or hurt very badly?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2 (Go to 18)

How old were you the first time it happened?

AGE:____

Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Were you very scared?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Was there any other time when you saw or were present when someone was murdered or hurt very badly?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

18. Have you ever known someone who committed suicide or killed themselves; that is, a parent, a sister, a brother, a very close friend, a boyfriend or girlfriend, or someone who lived with you?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2 (Go to 19)

How old were you the first time it happened?

AGE:____

Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Were you very scared?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Did anyone else who was a parent, a sister, a brother, a very close friend, a boyfriend or girlfriend, or someone who lived with you commit suicide or kill themselves?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

19. Have you ever seen a dead body? Don’t include at a funeral, on TV, in the movies, or in a newspaper.

Yes ... 1

No .... 2 (Go to 20)

How old were you the first time it happened?

AGE:____

Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Were you very scared?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Was there any other time when you saw a dead body?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

20. Have you ever seen or heard another person be threatened with a weapon (for example, a gun or a knife)?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2 (Go to 21)

How old were you the first time it happened?

AGE:____

Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Were you very scared?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Was there any other time when you saw or heard another person be threatened with a weapon (for example, a gun or a knife)?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

21. Have you ever seen or heard another person be raped, sexually attacked, or made to do something sexual that they didn’t want to do?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2 (Go to 22)

How old were you the first time it happened?

AGE:____

Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Were you very scared?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Was there any other time when you saw or heard another person be raped, sexually attacked, or made to do something sexual that they didn’t want to do?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

22. Has anyone ever damaged or destroyed something on purpose that belonged to you or to someone who you lived with?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2 (Go to 23)

How old were you the first time it happened?

AGE:____

Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Were you very scared?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Has anyone else damaged or destroyed something on purpose that belonged to you or to someone who you lived with?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

23. Has anyone ever stolen something from you by using force or threatening to hurt you, like in a stick-up, a mugging, or a car-jacking?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2 (Go to 24)

How old were you the first time it happened?

AGE:____

Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Were you very scared?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Has anyone else ever stolen something from you by using force or threatening to hurt you, like in a stick-up, a mugging, or a car-jacking?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

24. Has anyone ever tried to steal something from you by using force or threatening to hurt you? This could be something like a stick-up, mugging, or carjacking. But they didn’t get anything because you or someone else stopped them?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2 (Go to 25)

How old were you the first time it happened?

AGE:____

Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Were you very scared?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Has anyone else ever tried to steal something from you by using force or threatening to hurt you, like in a stick-up, a mugging, or a car-jacking, but they didn’t end up stealing something (for example, you stopped them or someone else stopped them)?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

25. Has anyone ever tried to or actually broken into your house, garage, shed, locker or storage room when you were not there?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2 (Go to 26)

How old were you the first time it happened?

AGE:____

Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Were you very scared?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Has anyone else ever tried to or actually broken into your house, garage, shed, locker or storage room when you were not there?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

26. Has anyone ever tried to or actually broken into your house, garage, shed, locker or storage room when you were there?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2 (Go to 27)

How old were you the first time it happened?

AGE:____

Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Were you very scared?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Has anyone else ever tried to or actually broken into your house, garage, shed, locker or storage room when you were there?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

27. Has anyone ever stolen something from you without your knowing it? This could be taking something from your pocket or backpack.

Yes ... 1

No .... 2 (Go to 28)

How old were you the first time it happened?

AGE:____

Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Were you very scared?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Has anyone else ever stolen something directly from you without forcing you or threatening to hurt you?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

28. Have you ever been kidnapped or held captive?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2 (Go to 29)

How old were you the first time it happened?

AGE:____

How long were you held or not allowed to leave?

LENGTH OF TIME:

___________

Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Were you very scared?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Was there any other time when you were kidnapped or held captive?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

29. Have you ever been stalked by anyone? For example, has anyone ever spied on you or followed you when you didn’t want them to?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2 (Go to 30)

How old were you the first time it happened?

AGE:____

Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Were you very scared?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

How many times did this person do this to you?

# of TIMES:

________

How old were you the last time this person stalked you?

AGE: _____

Has anyone else stalked you, spied on you, or followed you when you didn’t want them to?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

30. Have you ever been in any other situation in which you were afraid you might die or get really badly hurt, or when you were very scared or felt like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening?

Yes... 1 SPECIFY:_____________

No.... 2

How old were you the first time it happened?

AGE:____

Was there any other situation in which you were afraid you might die or get really badly hurt, or when you were very scared or felt like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening?

Yes ... 1

No .... 2

Scoring:

There are several ways to score the instrument, from very simple to more complex. One can simply count the number of events that the person endorsed, the total number of events (that is, if the event happened more than once) or the number of items of different types (general traumas, items 1-6; physical violence, items 7-10; physical abuse, items 11-12; sexual violence, items 13-15; seen family/friend murdered or commit suicide, items 16-18; witnessed trauma to someone else, items 19-21; crime victimization, items 22-27; kidnapped or stalked, items 28-29; or anything else, item 30). One can count items that occurred during certain time periods in the person’s life (childhood, adolescence, or adulthood) or items that only reached a certain threshold of intensity, based on questions about the person’s perception of the event (i.e., Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly?). For certain purposes where less detail is desired, one might omit these follow-up questions entirely.

Protocol Name from Source:

Lifetime Traumatic and Victimization History (LTVH)

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

The interviewer must be trained and found competent to conduct personal interviews with individuals from the general population. The interviewer should be trained to prompt respondents further if a "don’t know" response is provided. It is preferable to either read the questionnaire aloud to the respondent or administer it in an audio computer-assisted self-interview (ACASI) format.

The questions are sensitive in nature and the interviewer should be trained to react appropriately to emotional responses. If a distressed respondent protocol is adopted the interviewer should be trained to administer those procedures.

Equipment Needs

These questions can be administered in a computerized or noncomputerized format (i.e., paper-and-pencil instrument). Computer software is necessary to develop computer-assisted instruments. A laptop computer/handheld computer will be needed to administer a computer-assisted questionnaire.

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Interviewer-administered questionnaire

Life Stage:

Child, Adolescent

Participants:

Ages 8-17 years

Specific Instructions:

Self-reported child physical abuse and sexual abuse may need to be reported to the authorities. Researchers should check their state regulations for these requirements prior to using the instrument in the field.

A distressed respondent protocol is recommended for all ages and particularly for youths under the age of 18. This protocol should be based on local emergency resources and approved by the investigator’s Institutional Review Board. Interviewers who administer the questionnaire should be trained on the protocol.

Recommendations for the Interviewer:

A "yes" or "no" response is all the information we are requesting from the respondent. We do not want to ask them details about what might have been a very painful experience.

The question "Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly?" refers to the time of the incident only. For example, if they become distressed later as a result of the event, that is not what we are interested in.

The question " were you very scared?" refers to any time during the event or afterwards when they were thinking about the event.

Any "act of nature" can be included, such as tornadoes, hurricanes, floods, earthquakes, landslides, avalanches, volcanoes, etc.

"Have you ever seen a dead body " could refer to a situation where the respondent is with someone when they die. There are many hospice situations in which family members are present at the time of death. If the person reports this as a particularly stressful or upsetting event, then it must be included.

By "breaking in", we don’t mean breaking into a house because they forgot their key. We do want to include the type of event when someone breaks into the house when they are not living there or were kicked out.

The question which deals with "Has anyone ever threatened to hurt you when they were standing right in front of you" involves threat, but no weapon. This follows the different question about "threatened to hurt you with any kind of a weapon".

In the final open question, the person should state briefly or describe briefly the situation.

Selection Rationale

The Lifetime Trauma and Victimization History (LTVH) instrument was developed to be brief, easy to administer, and easy for the respondent to comprehend the questions. The instrument captures information and frequencies of a wide range of traumatic experiences.

The instrument was validated by interviewing a case-control sample of neglected and physically/sexually abused children and comparing the results with official records and reports. Psychometric analysis of the physical abuse and sexual abuse responses yielded good discriminate validity. However, there was substantial underreporting for both types of abuse.

Language

English

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Child Violence Exposure Assessment Score 3162929 CDE Browser
Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) Exposures to violence - child proto 62945-1 LOINC
Process and Review

Expert Review Panel 4 (ERP 4) reviewed the measures in the Neurology, Psychiatric, and Psychosocial domains.

Guidance from ERP 4 included the following:

· Revised description of the measure

Source

Widom, C. S., Dutton, M. A., Czaja, S.J., & DuMont, K.A. (2005). Development and validation of a new instrument to assess lifetime trauma and victimization history. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 18(5), 519-531.

General References

Foley, D. L., Eaves, L. J., Wormley, B., Silberg, J. L., Maes, H. H., Kuhn, J., & Riley, B. (2004). Childhood adversity, monoamine oxidase A genotype, and risk for conduct disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 61(7), 738-744.

Huizinga, D., Haberstick, B. C., Smolen, A., Menard, S., Young, S. E., Corley, R. P., Stallings, M. C., Grotpeter, J., & Hewitt, J. K. (2006). Childhood maltreatment, subsequent antisocial behavior, and the role of monoamine oxidase A genotype. Biological Psychiatry, 60(7), 677-683.

Kaufman, J., & Charney, D. (2001). Effects of early stress on brain structure and function: Implications for understanding the relationship between child maltreatment and depression. Developmental Psychopathology, 13, 451-471.

Saunders, B. E. (2003). Understanding children exposed to violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 18(4), 356-375.

Segman, R. H., Shefi, N., Goltser-Dubner, T., Friedman, N., Kaminski, N., & Shalev, A. Y. (2005). Peripheral blood mononuclear cell gene expression profiles identify emergent post-traumatic stress disorder among trauma survivors. Molecular Psychiatry, 10(5), 500-513, 425.

Protocol ID:

181402

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX181402_BreakIn_WhileThere_Afraid_Might_Die PX181402260200 Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly? 4 N/A
PX181402_BreakIn_WhileThere_Age_First_Happened PX181402260100 How old were you the first time it happened? 4 N/A
PX181402_BreakIn_WhileThere_Nothing_Could_Do PX181402260400 Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening? 4 N/A
PX181402_BreakIn_WhileThere_Other_Times PX181402260500 Has anyone else ever tried to or actually broken into your house, garage, shed, locker or storage room when you were there? 4 N/A
PX181402_BreakIn_WhileThere_Scared PX181402260300 Were you very scared? 4 N/A
PX181402_Break_In PX181402250000 Has anyone ever tried to or actually broken into your house, garage, shed, locker or storage room when you were not there? 4 N/A
PX181402_Break_In_Afraid_Might_Die PX181402250200 Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly? 4 N/A
PX181402_Break_In_Age_First_Happened PX181402250100 How old were you the first time it happened? 4 N/A
PX181402_Break_In_Nothing_Could_Do PX181402250400 Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening? 4 N/A
PX181402_Break_In_Other_Times PX181402250500 Has anyone else ever tried to or actually broken into your house, garage, shed, locker or storage room when you were not there? 4 N/A
PX181402_Break_In_Scared PX181402250300 Were you very scared? 4 N/A
PX181402_Break_In_While_There PX181402260000 Has anyone ever tried to or actually broken into your house, garage, shed, locker or storage room when you were there? 4 N/A
PX181402_Chemicals_Radiation PX181402060000 Have you ever been exposed to dangerous chemicals or radioactivity? 4 N/A
PX181402_Chemicals_Radiation_Afraid_Might_Die PX181402060200 Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly? 4 N/A
PX181402_Chemicals_Radiation_Age PX181402060100 How old were you the first time it happened? 4 N/A
PX181402_Chemicals_Radiation_Could_Not_Stop PX181402060400 Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening? 4 N/A
PX181402_Chemicals_Radiation_Other_Time PX181402060500 Was there another time you were exposed to dangerous chemicals or radioactivity? 4 N/A
PX181402_Chemicals_Radiation_Scared PX181402060300 Were you very scared? 4 N/A
PX181402_Dead_Body PX181402190000 Have you ever seen a dead body? Don't include at a funeral, on TV, in the movies, or in a newspaper. 4 N/A
PX181402_Dead_Body_Afraid_Might_Die PX181402190200 Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly? 4 N/A
PX181402_Dead_Body_Age_First_Happened PX181402190100 How old were you the first time it happened? 4 N/A
PX181402_Dead_Body_Nothing_Could_Do PX181402190400 Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening? 4 N/A
PX181402_Dead_Body_Other_Times PX181402190500 Was there any other time when you saw a dead body? 4 N/A
PX181402_Dead_Body_Scared PX181402190300 Were you very scared? 4 N/A
PX181402_Destroyed_Property PX181402220000 Has anyone ever damaged or destroyed something on purpose that belonged to you or to someone who you lived with? 4 N/A
PX181402_Destroyed_Property_Afraid_Might_Die PX181402220200 Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly? 4 N/A
PX181402_Destroyed_Property_Age_First_Happened PX181402220100 How old were you the first time it happened? 4 N/A
PX181402_Destroyed_Property_Nothing_Could_Do PX181402220400 Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening? 4 N/A
PX181402_Destroyed_Property_Other_Times PX181402220500 Has anyone else damaged or destroyed something on purpose that belonged to you or to someone who you lived with? 4 N/A
PX181402_Destroyed_Property_Scared PX181402220300 Were you very scared? 4 N/A
PX181402_HurtByWeapon PX181402100000 Has anyone ever actually hurt you with any kind of a weapon, like a knife, a gun, a baseball bat, a frying pan, scissors, a stick, a rock, or a bottle? 4 N/A
PX181402_HurtByWeapon_Afraid_Might_Die PX181402100200 Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly? 4 N/A
PX181402_HurtByWeapon_Age_First_Happened PX181402100100 How old were you the first time it happened? 4 N/A
PX181402_HurtByWeapon_Age_Last_Happened PX181402100600 How old were you the last time this person did this to you? 4 N/A
PX181402_HurtByWeapon_Nothing_Could_Do PX181402100400 Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening? 4 N/A
PX181402_HurtByWeapon_Other_Times PX181402100700 Has anyone else ever actually hurt you with any kind of a weapon, like a knife, a gun, a baseball bat, a frying pan, scissors, a stick, a rock, or a bottle? 4 N/A
PX181402_HurtByWeapon_Scared PX181402100300 Were you very scared? 4 N/A
PX181402_HurtByWeapon_Times PX181402100500 How many times did this person do this to you? 4 N/A
PX181402_Hurt_Before12 PX181402110000 Before you turned 12 years old (when you were in grade school), did anyone ever hit you, kick you, beat you, punch you, slap you around, or hurt your body in some other way? 4 N/A
PX181402_Hurt_Before12_Afraid_MightDie PX181402110200 Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly? 4 N/A
PX181402_Hurt_Before12_Age_FirstHappened PX181402110100 How old were you the first time it happened? 4 N/A
PX181402_Hurt_Before12_Age_LastHappened PX181402110600 How old were you the last time this person did this to you? 4 N/A
PX181402_Hurt_Before12_NothingCouldDo PX181402110400 Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening? 4 N/A
PX181402_Hurt_Before12_Other_Times PX181402110700 Before you turned 12, did anyone else ever hit you, kick you, beat you, punch you, slap you around, or hurt your body in some other way? 4 N/A
PX181402_Hurt_Before12_Scared PX181402110300 Were you very scared? 4 N/A
PX181402_Hurt_Before12_Times PX181402110500 How many times did this person do this to you? 4 N/A
PX181402_Kidnapped PX181402280000 Have you ever been kidnapped or held captive? 4 N/A
PX181402_Kidnapped_Afraid_Might_Die PX181402280300 Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly? 4 N/A
PX181402_Kidnapped_Age_First_Happened PX181402280100 How old were you the first time it happened? 4 N/A
PX181402_Kidnapped_How_Long PX181402280200 How long were you held or not allowed to leave? 4 N/A
PX181402_Kidnapped_Nothing_Could_Do PX181402280500 Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening? 4 N/A
PX181402_Kidnapped_Other_Times PX181402280600 Was there any other time when you were kidnapped or held captive? 4 N/A
PX181402_Kidnapped_Scared PX181402280400 Were you very scared? 4 N/A
PX181402_Manmade_Disaster PX181402020000 Have you ever been involved in a man-made disaster, like a fire, a train crash, a car accident, or a building falling down? 4 N/A
PX181402_Manmade_Disaster_Afraid_Might_Die PX181402020200 Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly? 4 N/A
PX181402_Manmade_Disaster_Age PX181402020100 How old were you the first time it happened? 4 N/A
PX181402_Manmade_Disaster_Could_Not_Stop PX181402020400 Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening? 4 N/A
PX181402_Manmade_Disaster_Other_Time PX181402020500 Was there another time you were involved in a man-made disaster, like a fire, a train crash, a car accident, or a building falling down? 4 N/A
PX181402_Manmade_Disaster_Scared PX181402020300 Were you very scared? 4 N/A
PX181402_Murdered PX181402160000 Have you ever known someone who was murdered; that is, a parent, a brother, a sister, a very close friend, a boyfriend or girlfriend, or someone who lived with you? 4 N/A
PX181402_Murdered_Afraid_Might_Die PX181402160200 Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly? 4 N/A
PX181402_Murdered_Age_First_Happened PX181402160100 How old were you the first time it happened? 4 N/A
PX181402_Murdered_Nothing_Could_Do PX181402160400 Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening? 4 N/A
PX181402_Murdered_Other_Times PX181402160500 Was anyone murdered who was a parent, a brother, a sister, a very close friend, a boyfriend or girlfriend, or someone who lived with you? 4 N/A
PX181402_Murdered_Scared PX181402160300 Were you very scared? 4 N/A
PX181402_Natural_Disaster PX181402010000 Have you ever been involved in a natural disaster, like a tornado, a hurricane, a flood, or an earthquake? 4 N/A
PX181402_Natural_Disaster_Afraid_Might_Die PX181402010200 Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly? 4 N/A
PX181402_Natural_Disaster_Age PX181402010100 How old were you the first time it happened? 4 N/A
PX181402_Natural_Disaster_Could_Not_Stop PX181402010400 Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening? 4 N/A
PX181402_Natural_Disaster_Other_Time PX181402010500 Was there another time you were involved in a natural disaster, like a tornado, hurricane, flood, or earthquake? 4 N/A
PX181402_Natural_Disaster_Scared PX181402010300 Were you very scared? 4 N/A
PX181402_Other_Situations PX181402300000 Have you ever been in any other situation in which you were afraid you might die or get really badly hurt, or when you were very scared or felt like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening? 4 N/A
PX181402_Other_Situations2 PX181402300300 Was there any other situation in which you were afraid you might die or get really badly hurt, or when you were very scared or felt like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening? 4 N/A
PX181402_Other_Situations_Age_First_Happened PX181402300200 How old were you the first time it happened? 4 N/A
PX181402_Other_Situations_Specify PX181402300100 Have you ever been in any other situation in which you were afraid you might die or get really badly hurt, or when you were very scared or felt like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening? SPECIFY 4 N/A
PX181402_PhysicallyAbused_Before12 PX181402120000 Before you turned 12 years old (when you were in grade school), were you ever physically abused? 4 N/A
PX181402_PhysicallyAbused_Before12_Afraid_Might_Die PX181402120200 Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly? 4 N/A
PX181402_PhysicallyAbused_Before12_Age_First_Happened PX181402120100 How old were you the first time it happened? 4 N/A
PX181402_PhysicallyAbused_Before12_Age_Last_Happened PX181402120600 How old were you the last time this person did this to you? 4 N/A
PX181402_PhysicallyAbused_Before12_Nothing_Could_Do PX181402120400 Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening? 4 N/A
PX181402_PhysicallyAbused_Before12_Other_Times PX181402120700 Before you turned 12, did anyone else ever physically abuse you? 4 N/A
PX181402_PhysicallyAbused_Before12_Scared PX181402120300 Were you very scared? 4 N/A
PX181402_PhysicallyAbused_Before12_Times PX181402120500 How many times did this person do this to you? 4 N/A
PX181402_Private_Parts PX181402150000 Other than what we just talked about, have there been any other times when anyone actually touched private parts of your body or made you touch theirs when you didn't want to? 4 N/A
PX181402_Private_Parts_Afraid_Might_Die PX181402150200 Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly? 4 N/A
PX181402_Private_Parts_Age_First_Happened PX181402150100 How old were you the first time it happened? 4 N/A
PX181402_Private_Parts_Age_Last_Happened PX181402150600 How old were you the last time this person did this to you? 4 N/A
PX181402_Private_Parts_Nothing_Could_Do PX181402150400 Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening? 4 N/A
PX181402_Private_Parts_Other_Times PX181402150700 Has anyone else ever actually touched private parts of your body or made you touch theirs when you didn't want to? 4 N/A
PX181402_Private_Parts_Scared PX181402150300 Were you very scared? 4 N/A
PX181402_Private_Parts_Times PX181402150500 How many times did this person do this to you? 4 N/A
PX181402_Serious_Accident PX181402050000 Have you ever had a serious accident at home, at school, or somewhere else? 4 N/A
PX181402_Serious_Accident_Afraid_Might_Die PX181402050200 Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly? 4 N/A
PX181402_Serious_Accident_Age PX181402050100 How old were you the first time it happened? 4 N/A
PX181402_Serious_Accident_Could_Not_Stop PX181402050400 Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening? 4 N/A
PX181402_Serious_Accident_Other_Time PX181402050500 Was there another time you had a serious accident at home, at school, or somewhere else? 4 N/A
PX181402_Serious_Accident_Scared PX181402050300 Were you very scared? 4 N/A
PX181402_Shot_Stabbed PX181402070000 Has anyone ever shot at you, stabbed you, hit you, kicked you, beaten you, punched you, slapped you around, or hurt your body in some other way? 4 N/A
PX181402_Shot_Stabbed_Afraid_Might_Die PX181402070200 Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly? 4 N/A
PX181402_Shot_Stabbed_Age_First_Happened PX181402070100 How old were you the first time it happened? 4 N/A
PX181402_Shot_Stabbed_Age_Last_Time PX181402070600 How old were you the last time this person did this to you? 4 N/A
PX181402_Shot_Stabbed_Could_Not_Stop PX181402070400 Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening? 4 N/A
PX181402_Shot_Stabbed_Other_Time PX181402070700 Has anyone else ever shot at you, stabbed you, hit you, kicked you, beaten you, punched you, slapped you around, or hurt your body in some other way? 4 N/A
PX181402_Shot_Stabbed_Scared PX181402070300 Were you very scared? 4 N/A
PX181402_Shot_Stabbed_Times PX181402070500 How many times did this person do this to you? 4 N/A
PX181402_SomethingSexualStoppedScared PX181402140300 Were you very scared? 4 N/A
PX181402_SomethingSexualStopped_Afraid_Might_Die PX181402140200 Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly? 4 N/A
PX181402_SomethingSexualStopped_Age_First_Happened PX181402140100 How old were you the first time it happened? 4 N/A
PX181402_SomethingSexualStopped_Age_Last_Happened PX181402140600 How old were you the last time this person did this to you? 4 N/A
PX181402_SomethingSexualStopped_Nothing_Could_Do PX181402140400 Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening? 4 N/A
PX181402_SomethingSexualStopped_Other_Times PX181402140700 Was there any other time when anyone, male or female, tried to force or bully you into doing something sexual that you didn't want to do, but it didn't end up happening? 4 N/A
PX181402_SomethingSexualStopped_Times PX181402140500 How many times did this person do this to you? 4 N/A
PX181402_Something_Sexual PX181402130000 Has anyone--male or female--ever forced or pressured you into doing something sexual that you didn't want to do? By "something sexual," we mean someone putting an object or part of their body inside your private sexual parts, inside your rear end, or inside your mouth; we also mean someone putting your private parts inside their mouth. 4 N/A
PX181402_Something_Sexual_Afraid_Might_Die PX181402130200 Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly? 4 N/A
PX181402_Something_Sexual_Age_First_Happened PX181402130100 How old were you the first time it happened? 4 N/A
PX181402_Something_Sexual_Age_Last_Happened PX181402130600 How old were you the last time this person did this to you? 4 N/A
PX181402_Something_Sexual_Nothing_Could_Do PX181402130400 Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening? 4 N/A
PX181402_Something_Sexual_Other_Times PX181402130700 Has anyone else--male or female--ever forced or pressured you into doing something sexual that you didn't want to do? 4 N/A
PX181402_Something_Sexual_Scared PX181402130300 Were you very scared? 4 N/A
PX181402_Something_Sexual_Stopped PX181402140000 Other than what we just talked about, have there been any other times when anyone, male or female, ever tried to force or bully you into doing something sexual that you didn't want to do, but it didn't end up happening (for example, you stopped them or someone else stopped them)? 4 N/A
PX181402_Something_Sexual_Times PX181402130500 How many times did this person do this to you? 4 N/A
PX181402_Stalked PX181402290000 Have you ever been stalked by anyone? For example, has anyone ever spied on you or followed you when you didn't want them to? 4 N/A
PX181402_Stalked_Afraid_Might_Die PX181402290200 Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly? 4 N/A
PX181402_Stalked_Age_First_Happened PX181402290100 How old were you the first time it happened? 4 N/A
PX181402_Stalked_Age_Last_Happened PX181402290600 How old were you the last time this person stalked you? 4 N/A
PX181402_Stalked_Nothing_Could_Do PX181402290400 Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening? 4 N/A
PX181402_Stalked_Other_Times PX181402290700 Has anyone else stalked you, spied on you, or followed you when you didn't want them to? 4 N/A
PX181402_Stalked_Scared PX181402290300 Were you very scared? 4 N/A
PX181402_Stalked_Times PX181402290500 How many times did this person do this to you? 4 N/A
PX181402_Stolen_Property PX181402230000 Has anyone ever stolen something from you by using force or threatening to hurt you, like in a stick-up, a mugging, or a car-jacking? 4 N/A
PX181402_Stolen_Property_Afraid_Might_Die PX181402230200 Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly? 4 N/A
PX181402_Stolen_Property_Age_First_Happened PX181402230100 How old were you the first time it happened? 4 N/A
PX181402_Stolen_Property_Nothing_Could_Do PX181402230400 Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening? 4 N/A
PX181402_Stolen_Property_Other_Times PX181402230500 Has anyone else ever stolen something from you by using force or threatening to hurt you, like in a stick-up, a mugging, or a car-jacking? 4 N/A
PX181402_Stolen_Property_Scared PX181402230300 Were you very scared? 4 N/A
PX181402_Stolen_WithoutKnowledge_Afraid_Might_Die PX181402270200 Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly? 4 N/A
PX181402_Stolen_WithoutKnowledge_Age_First_Happened PX181402270100 How old were you the first time it happened? 4 N/A
PX181402_Stolen_WithoutKnowledge_Nothing_Could_Do PX181402270400 Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening? 4 N/A
PX181402_Stolen_WithoutKnowledge_Other_Times PX181402270500 Has anyone else ever stolen something directly from you without forcing you or threatening to hurt you? 4 N/A
PX181402_Stolen_WithoutKnowledge_Scared PX181402270300 Were you very scared? 4 N/A
PX181402_Stolen_Without_Knowledge PX181402270000 Has anyone ever stolen something from you without your knowing it? This could be taking something from your pocket or backpack. 4 N/A
PX181402_Suicide PX181402180000 Have you ever known someone who committed suicide or killed themselves; that is, a parent, a sister, a brother, a very close friend, a boyfriend or girlfriend, or someone who lived with you? 4 N/A
PX181402_Suicide_Afraid_Might_Die PX181402180200 Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly? 4 N/A
PX181402_Suicide_Age_First_Happened PX181402180100 How old were you the first time it happened? 4 N/A
PX181402_Suicide_Nothing_Could_Do PX181402180400 Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening? 4 N/A
PX181402_Suicide_Other_Times PX181402180500 Did anyone else who was a parent, a sister, a brother, a very close friend, a boyfriend or girlfriend, or someone who lived with you commit suicide or kill themselves? 4 N/A
PX181402_Suicide_Scared PX181402180300 Were you very scared? 4 N/A
PX181402_Threatened PX181402080000 Has anyone ever threatened to hurt you with any kind of a weapon, like a knife, a gun, a baseball bat, a frying pan, scissors, a stick, a rock or a bottle? 4 N/A
PX181402_Threatened_Afraid_Might_Die PX181402080200 Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly? 4 N/A
PX181402_Threatened_Age_First_Happened PX181402080100 How old were you the first time it happened? 4 N/A
PX181402_Threatened_Age_Last_Happened PX181402080600 How old were you the last time this person did this to you? 4 N/A
PX181402_Threatened_Could_Not_Stop PX181402080400 Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening? 4 N/A
PX181402_Threatened_Other_Times PX181402080700 Has anyone else ever threatened to hurt you with any kind of a weapon? 4 N/A
PX181402_Threatened_Scared PX181402080300 Were you very scared? 4 N/A
PX181402_Threatened_StandingInFrontOf PX181402090000 Has anyone ever threatened to hurt you when they were standing right in front of you? 4 N/A
PX181402_Threatened_StandingInFrontOf_Afraid_Might_Die PX181402090200 Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly? 4 N/A
PX181402_Threatened_StandingInFrontOf_Age_First_Happened PX181402090100 How old were you the first time it happened? 4 N/A
PX181402_Threatened_StandingInFrontOf_Age_Last_Happened PX181402090600 How old were you the last time this person did this to you? 4 N/A
PX181402_Threatened_StandingInFrontOf_Could_Not_Stop PX181402090400 Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening? 4 N/A
PX181402_Threatened_StandingInFrontOf_Other_Times PX181402090700 Has anyone else ever threatened to hurt you when they were standing right in front of you? 4 N/A
PX181402_Threatened_StandingInFrontOf_Scared PX181402090300 Were you very scared? 4 N/A
PX181402_Threatened_StandingInFrontOf_Times PX181402090500 How many times did this person do this to you? 4 N/A
PX181402_Threatened_Times PX181402080500 How many times did this person do this to you? 4 N/A
PX181402_Tried_ToSteal_Afraid_Might_Die PX181402240200 Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly? 4 N/A
PX181402_Tried_ToSteal_Age_First_Happened PX181402240100 How old were you the first time it happened? 4 N/A
PX181402_Tried_ToSteal_Nothing_Could_Do PX181402240400 Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening? 4 N/A
PX181402_Tried_ToSteal_Other_Times PX181402240500 Has anyone else ever tried to steal something from you by using force or threatening to hurt you, like in a stick-up, a mugging, or a car-jacking, but they didn't end up stealing something (for example, you stopped them or someone else stopped them)? 4 N/A
PX181402_Tried_ToSteal_Scared PX181402240300 Were you very scared? 4 N/A
PX181402_Tried_To_Steal PX181402240000 Has anyone ever tried to steal something from you by using force or threatening to hurt you? This could be something like a stick-up, mugging, or carjacking. But they didn't get anything because you or someone else stopped them? 4 N/A
PX181402_War PX181402030000 Have you ever fought in a war? 4 N/A
PX181402_WarZone PX181402040000 Have you ever lived in a war zone? (For example, Iraq or Bosnia). 4 N/A
PX181402_WarZone_Afraid_Might_Die PX181402040200 Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly? 4 N/A
PX181402_WarZone_Age PX181402040100 How old were you the first time it happened? 4 N/A
PX181402_WarZone_Could_Not_Stop PX181402040400 Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening? 4 N/A
PX181402_WarZone_Other_Time PX181402040500 Was there another time that you lived in a war zone? (For example, Iraq or Bosnia). 4 N/A
PX181402_WarZone_Scared PX181402040300 Were you very scared? 4 N/A
PX181402_War_Afraid_Might_Die PX181402030200 Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly? 4 N/A
PX181402_War_Age PX181402030100 How old were you the first time it happened? 4 N/A
PX181402_War_Could_Not_Stop PX181402030400 Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening? 4 N/A
PX181402_War_Other_Time PX181402030500 Was there another time where you fought in a war? 4 N/A
PX181402_War_Scared PX181402030300 Were you very scared? 4 N/A
PX181402_Witnessed_Murder PX181402170000 Have you ever seen or been present when someone was murdered or hurt very badly? 4 N/A
PX181402_Witnessed_Murder_Afraid_Might_Die PX181402170200 Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly? 4 N/A
PX181402_Witnessed_Murder_Age_First_Happened PX181402170100 How old were you the first time it happened? 4 N/A
PX181402_Witnessed_Murder_Nothing_Could_Do PX181402170400 Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening? 4 N/A
PX181402_Witnessed_Murder_Other_Times PX181402170500 Was there any other time when you saw or were present when someone was murdered or hurt very badly? 4 N/A
PX181402_Witnessed_Murder_Scared PX181402170300 Were you very scared? 4 N/A
PX181402_Witnessed_SexualAttack PX181402210000 Have you ever seen or heard another person be raped, sexually attacked, or made to do something sexual that they didn't want to do? 4 N/A
PX181402_Witnessed_SexualAttack_Afraid_Might_Die PX181402210200 Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly? 4 N/A
PX181402_Witnessed_SexualAttack_Age_First_Happened PX181402210100 How old were you the first time it happened? 4 N/A
PX181402_Witnessed_SexualAttack_Nothing_Could_Do PX181402210400 Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening? 4 N/A
PX181402_Witnessed_SexualAttack_Other_Times PX181402210500 Was there any other time when you saw or heard another person be raped, sexually attacked, or made to do something sexual that they didn't want to do? 4 N/A
PX181402_Witnessed_SexualAttack_Scared PX181402210300 Were you very scared? 4 N/A
PX181402_Witnessed_Threats PX181402200000 Have you ever seen or heard another person be threatened with a weapon (for example, a gun or a knife)? 4 N/A
PX181402_Witnessed_Threats_Afraid_Might_Die PX181402200200 Were you afraid that you might die or get hurt really badly? 4 N/A
PX181402_Witnessed_Threats_Age_First_Happened PX181402200100 How old were you the first time it happened? 4 N/A
PX181402_Witnessed_Threats_Nothing_Could_Do PX181402200400 Did you feel like there was nothing you could do to stop what was happening? 4 N/A
PX181402_Witnessed_Threats_Other_Times PX181402200500 Was there any other time when you saw or heard another person be threatened with a weapon (for example, a gun or a knife)? 4 N/A
PX181402_Witnessed_Threats_Scared PX181402200300 Were you very scared? 4 N/A
Research Domain Information
Measure Name:

Exposures to Violence, Trauma, and Victimization

Release Date:

November 28, 2017

Definition

This measure asks about the respondent’s history of violent, traumatic and victimization events.

Purpose

Traumatic and victimization events are major stressors that can adversely affect a child or adult’s physical and mental health. The type of event, age when it occurred, and frequency are important in assessing impact. If a person experiences more than one event or more than one type of event, the results may be cumulative.

Keywords

Psychosocial, violence, victimization, trauma, sexual abuse, physical abuse