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Protocol - Life Events - Child

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Description:

The Adverse Life Events Scale is a self- or proxy-administered, 25-item questionnaire that reports events experienced during the previous year over which the child had little or no control. The respondent reviews the list of items and indicates which events have occurred.

Protocol:

These questions are about certain things that may have happened to you over the last year. Please indicate whether each happened, and if so, whether it was a good or bad experience and how much it affected you.

1. Someone in family died

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

1.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

1.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

2.Family member was seriously injured

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

2.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

2.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

3. Saw crime/accident

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

3.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

3.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

4. Lost a close friend

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

4.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

4.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

5. Close friend was seriously sick/injured

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

5.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

5.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

6. Negative change in parent’s financial situation

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

6.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

6.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

7. Family member had drug/alcohol problem

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

7.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

7.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

8. Got seriously sick or injured

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

8.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

8.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

9. Parents argued more than previously

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

9.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

9.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

10. Mother/father figure lost job

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

10.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

10.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

11. One parent was away from home more often

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

11.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

11.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

12. Someone in the family was arrested

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

12.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

12.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

13. Close friend died

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

13.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

13.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

14. Family member had mental/emotional problem

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

14.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

14.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

15. Brother or sister left home

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

15.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

15.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

16. Being a victim of crime/violence/assault

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

16.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

16.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

17. Parents separated in last 12 months

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

17.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

17.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

18. Parents got into trouble with the law

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

18.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

18.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

19. Attended a new school

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

19.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

19.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

20. Family moved

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

20.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

20.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

21. Parents got divorced

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

21.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

21.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

22. One of the parents went to jail

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

22.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

22.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

23. Got new stepmother or stepfather

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

23.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

23.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

24. Parent got a new job

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

24.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

24.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

25. Got new brother or sister

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

25.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

25.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

Scoring

An event is considered "adverse" only when it is:

1. Mostly bad, and

2. One of the following: A little, Some, or A lot

Protocol Name from Source:

Adverse Life Events Scale

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

No specific training is needed if data are collected through a self-administered questionnaire

Equipment Needs

These questions can be administered in a computerized or noncomputerized format (i.e., paper-and-pencil instrument). Computer software is necessary to develop computer-assisted self-interview (CASI) instruments, and a laptop computer or handheld computer will be needed to administer the questionnaire.

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Self- or proxy-administered questionnaire

Life Stage:

Child, Adolescent

Participants:

Children and adolescents, aged 9-17 years old

Specific Instructions:

None

Selection Rationale

The Adverse Life Events Scale was selected because it is widely used and has documented validity and reliability. Scale scores have been associated with indicators of psychopathology and functional limitations.

Language

English

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Child Life Event Assessment Score 3139329 CDE Browser
Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) Life events child proto 63040-0 LOINC
Process and Review

The Expert Review Panel #2 (ERP 2) reviewed the measures in the Demographics, Environmental Exposures, and Social Environments domains.

Guidance from ERP 2 includes:

• Revised descriptions of the measure

Back-compatible: no changes to Data Dictionary

Previous version in Toolkit archive (link)

Source

Tiet, Q. Q., Bird, H. R., Davies, M., Hoven, C., Cohen, P., Jensen, P. S., & Goodman, S. (1998). Adverse life events and resilience. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 37(11), 1191-1200.

General References

Grant, K. E., Compas, B. E., Thurm, A. E., McMahon, S. D., & Gipson, P. Y. (2004). Stressors and child and adolescent psychopathology: Measurement issues and prospective effects. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 33(2), 412-424.

Tiet, Q. Q., Bird, H. R., Hoven, C. W., Moore, R., Wu, P., Wicks, J., Jensen, P. S., Goodman, S., & Cohen, P. (2001). Relationship between specific adverse life events and psychiatric disorders. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 29, 153-164.

Protocol ID:

211501

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX211501_Attended_New_School PX211501190000 Attended a new school 4 N/A
PX211501_Attended_New_School_Affect PX211501190200 Attended a new school If "Yes", How much did the event affect you? 4 N/A
PX211501_Attended_New_School_Experience PX211501190100 Attended a new school If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience? 4 N/A
PX211501_Close_Friend_Died PX211501130000 Close friend died 4 N/A
PX211501_Close_Friend_Died_Affect PX211501130200 Close friend died If "Yes", How much did the event affect you? 4 N/A
PX211501_Close_Friend_Died_Experience PX211501130100 Close friend died If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience? 4 N/A
PX211501_Close_Friend_Sick_Injured PX211501050000 Close friend was seriously sick/injured 4 N/A
PX211501_Close_Friend_Sick_Injured_Affect PX211501050200 Close friend was seriously sick/injured If "Yes", How much did the event affect you? 4 N/A
PX211501_Close_Friend_Sick_Injured_Experience? PX211501050100 Close friend was seriously sick/injured If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience? 4 N/A
PX211501_Family_Member_Arrested PX211501120000 Someone in the family was arrested 4 N/A
PX211501_Family_Member_Arrested_Affect PX211501120200 Someone in the family was arrested If "Yes", How much did the event affect you? 4 N/A
PX211501_Family_Member_Arrested_Experience PX211501120100 Someone in the family was arrested If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience? 4 N/A
PX211501_Family_Member_Died PX211501010000 Someone in family died 4 N/A
PX211501_Family_Member_Died_Affect PX211501010200 Someone in family died If "Yes", How much did the event affect you? 4 N/A
PX211501_Family_Member_Died_Experience PX211501010100 Someone in family died If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience? 4 N/A
PX211501_Family_Member_Drug_Alcohol PX211501070000 Family member had drug/alcohol problem 4 N/A
PX211501_Family_Member_Drug_Alcohol_Affect PX211501070200 Family member had drug/alcohol problem If "Yes", How much did the event affect you? 4 N/A
PX211501_Family_Member_Drug_Alcohol_Experience PX211501070100 Family member had drug/alcohol problem If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience? 4 N/A
PX211501_Family_Member_Injured PX211501020000 Family member was seriously injured 4 N/A
PX211501_Family_Member_Injured_Affect PX211501020200 Family member was seriously injured If "Yes", How much did the event affect you? 4 N/A
PX211501_Family_Member_Injured_Experience? PX211501020100 Family member was seriously injured If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience? 4 N/A
PX211501_Family_Member_Mental/Emotional_Problem PX211501140000 Family member had mental/emotional problem 4 N/A
PX211501_Family_Member_Mental/Emotional_Problem_Affect PX211501140200 Family member had mental/emotional problem If "Yes", How much did the event affect you? 4 N/A
PX211501_Family_Member_Mental/Emotional_Problem_Experience PX211501140100 Family member had mental/emotional problem If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience? 4 N/A
PX211501_Family_Moved PX211501200000 Family moved 4 N/A
PX211501_Family_Moved_Affect PX211501200200 Family moved If "Yes", How much did the event affect you? 4 N/A
PX211501_Family_Moved_Experience PX211501200100 Family moved If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience? 4 N/A
PX211501_Lost_Close_Friend PX211501040000 Lost a close friend 4 N/A
PX211501_Lost_Close_Friend_Affect PX211501040200 Lost a close friend If "Yes", How much did the event affect you? 4 N/A
PX211501_Lost_Close_Friend_Experience PX211501040100 Lost a close friend If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience? 4 N/A
PX211501_Mother_Father_Lost_Job PX211501100000 Mother/father figure lost job 4 N/A
PX211501_Mother_Father_Lost_Job_Affect PX211501100200 Mother/father figure lost job If "Yes", How much did the event affect you? 4 N/A
PX211501_Mother_Father_Lost_Job_Experience PX211501100100 Mother/father figure lost job If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience? 4 N/A
PX211501_New_Sibling PX211501250000 Got new brother or sister 4 N/A
PX211501_New_Sibling_Affect PX211501250200 Got new brother or sister If "Yes", How much did the event affect you? 4 N/A
PX211501_New_Sibling_Experience PX211501250100 Got new brother or sister If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience? 4 N/A
PX211501_New_Stepparent PX211501230000 Got new stepmother or stepfather 4 N/A
PX211501_New_Stepparent_Affect PX211501230200 Got new stepmother or stepfather If "Yes", How much did the event affect you? 4 N/A
PX211501_New_Stepparent_Experience PX211501230100 Got new stepmother or stepfather If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience? 4 N/A
PX211501_Parents_Argued PX211501090000 Parents argued more than previously 4 N/A
PX211501_Parents_Argued_Affect PX211501090200 Parents argued more than previously If "Yes", How much did the event affect you? 4 N/A
PX211501_Parents_Argued_Experience PX211501090100 Parents argued more than previously If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience? 4 N/A
PX211501_Parents_Divorced PX211501210000 Parents got divorced 4 N/A
PX211501_Parents_Divorced_Affect PX211501210200 Parents got divorced If "Yes", How much did the event affect you? 4 N/A
PX211501_Parents_Divorced_Experience PX211501210100 Parents got divorced If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience? 4 N/A
PX211501_Parents_Financial_Situation PX211501060000 Negative change in parent's financial situation 4 N/A
PX211501_Parents_Financial_Situation_Affect PX211501060200 Negative change in parent's financial situation If "Yes", How much did the event affect you? 4 N/A
PX211501_Parents_Financial_Situation_Experience PX211501060100 Negative change in parent's financial situation If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience? 4 N/A
PX211501_Parents_Separated_Last_12Months PX211501170000 Parents separated in last 12 months 4 N/A
PX211501_Parents_Separated_Last_12Months_Affect PX211501170200 Parents separated in last 12 months If "Yes", How much did the event affect you 4 N/A
PX211501_Parents_Separated_Last_12Months_Experience PX211501170100 Parents separated in last 12 months If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience 4 N/A
PX211501_Parents_Trouble_With_Law PX211501180000 Parents got into trouble with the law 4 N/A
PX211501_Parents_Trouble_With_Law_Affect PX211501180200 Parents got into trouble with the law If "Yes", How much did the event affect you? 4 N/A
PX211501_Parents_Trouble_With_Law_Experience PX211501180100 Parents got into trouble with the law If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience? 4 N/A
PX211501_Parent_Away_From_Home PX211501110000 One parent was away from home more often 4 N/A
PX211501_Parent_Away_From_Home_Affect PX211501110200 One parent was away from home more often If "Yes", How much did the event affect you? 4 N/A
PX211501_Parent_Away_From_Home_Experience PX211501110100 One parent was away from home more often If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience? 4 N/A
PX211501_Parent_Got_New_Job PX211501240000 Parent got a new job 4 N/A
PX211501_Parent_Got_New_Job_Affect PX211501240200 Parent got a new job If "Yes", How much did the event affect you? 4 N/A
PX211501_Parent_Got_New_Job_Experience PX211501240100 Parent got a new job If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience? 4 N/A
PX211501_Parent_Went_To_Jail PX211501220000 One of the parents went to jail 4 N/A
PX211501_Parent_Went_To_Jail_Affect PX211501220200 One of the parents went to jail If "Yes", How much did the event affect you? 4 N/A
PX211501_Parent_Went_To_Jail_Experience PX211501220100 One of the parents went to jail If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience? 4 N/A
PX211501_Saw_Crime_Accident PX211501030000 Saw crime/accident 4 N/A
PX211501_Saw_Crime_Accident_Affect PX211501030200 Saw crime/accident If "Yes", How much did the event affect you? 4 N/A
PX211501_Saw_Crime_Accident_Experience? PX211501030100 Saw crime/accident If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience? 4 N/A
PX211501_Sibling_Left_Home PX211501150000 Brother or sister left home 4 N/A
PX211501_Sibling_Left_Home_Affect PX211501150200 Brother or sister left home If "Yes", How much did the event affect you? 4 N/A
PX211501_Sibling_Left_Home_Experience PX211501150100 Brother or sister left home If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience? 4 N/A
PX211501_Sick_Injured PX211501080000 Got seriously sick or injured 4 N/A
PX211501_Sick_Injured_Affect PX211501080200 Got seriously sick or injured If "Yes", How much did the event affect you? 4 N/A
PX211501_Sick_Injured_Experience PX211501080100 Got seriously sick or injured If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience? 4 N/A
PX211501_Victim_Of_Crime/Violence/Assault PX211501160000 Being a victim of crime/violence/assault 4 N/A
PX211501_Victim_Of_Crime/Violence/Assault_Affect PX211501160200 Being a victim of crime/violence/assault If "Yes", How much did the event affect you? 4 N/A
PX211501_Victim_Of_Crime/Violence/Assault_Experience PX211501160100 Being a victim of crime/violence/assault If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience? 4 N/A
Research Domain Information
Measure Name:

Life Events

Release Date:

May 31, 2016

Definition

This measure is a questionnaire to assess the respondent’s exposure to a broad range of life events.

Purpose

This measure allows researchers to examine the occurrence of traumatic life events and the respondent’s assessment of the physical and emotional responses to the events. Traumatic life events have been associated with many indicators of physical and emotional distress, including psychopathological symptoms and disorders such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Keywords

Social environments, life events, stress, resilience, Adverse Life Events Scale, psychopathology, adjustment, risk factor, protective factor, resource factor, proprietary