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Protocol - Night Eating

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Description:

This protocol includes 14 questions with Likert-style responses. The Night Eating Questionnaire© (NEQ) is self-administered. Scoring methods are included.

Protocol:

1. How hungry are you usually in the morning?

[ ] 0 Not at all

[ ] 1 A little

[ ] 2 Somewhat

[ ] 3 Moderately

[ ] 4 Very

2. When do you usually eat for the first time?

[ ] 0 Before 9am

[ ] 1 9:01 to 12pm

[ ] 2 12:01 to 3pm

[ ] 3 3:01 to 6pm

[ ] 4 6:01 or later

3. Do you have cravings or urges to eat snacks after supper, but before bedtime?

[ ] 0 Not at all

[ ] 1 A little

[ ] 2 Somewhat

[ ] 3 Very much so

[ ] 4 Extremely so

4. How much control do you have over your eating between supper and bedtime?

[ ] 0 None at all

[ ] 1 A Little

[ ] 2 Some

[ ] 3 Very Much

[ ] 4 Complete

5. How much of your daily food intake do you consume after suppertime?

[ ] 0 0% (none)

[ ] 1 1-25% (up to a quarter)

[ ] 2 26-50% (about half)

[ ] 3 51-75% (more than half)

[ ] 4 76-100% (almost all)

6. Are you currently feeling blue or down in the dumps?

[ ] 0 Not at all

[ ] 1 A Little

[ ] 2 Somewhat

[ ] 3 Very Much So

[ ] 4 Extremely

7. When you are feeling blue, is your mood lower in the:

[ ] 0 Early Morning

[ ] 1 Late Morning

[ ] 2 Early Afternoon

[ ] 3 Late Afternoon

[ ] 4 Evening

______check here if your mood does not change during the day

8. How often do you have trouble getting to sleep?

[ ] 0 Never

[ ] 1 Sometimes

[ ] 2 About Half of the time

[ ] 3 Usually

[ ] 4 Always

9. Other than only to use the bathroom, how often do you get up at least once in the

middle of the night?

[ ] 0 Never

[ ] 1 Less than once a week

[ ] 2 About once a week

[ ] 3 More than once a week

[ ] 4 Every Night

*********************** IF 0 for #9, PLEASE STOP HERE ************************

10. Do you have cravings or urges to eat snacks when you wake up at night?

[ ] 0 Not at all

[ ] 1 A little

[ ] 2 Somewhat

[ ] 3 Very much so

[ ] 4 Extremely so

11. Do you need to eat in order to get back to sleep when you awake at night?

[ ] 0 Not at all

[ ] 1 A little

[ ] 2 Somewhat

[ ] 3 Very much so

[ ] 4 Extremely so

12. When you get up in the middle of the night, how often do you snack?

[ ] 0 Never

[ ] 1 Sometimes

[ ] 2 About half the time

[ ] 3 Usually

[ ] 4 Always

************************ IF 0 on #12, PLEASE SKIP TO #15 *********************

13. When you snack in the middle of the night, how aware are you of your eating?

[ ] 0 Not at all

[ ] 1 A little

[ ] 2 Somewhat

[ ] 3 Very much so

[ ] 4 Completely

14. How much control do you have over your eating while you are up at night?

[ ] 0 None at all

[ ] 1 A little

[ ] 2 Some

[ ] 3 Very much

[ ] 4 Complete

15. How long have your current difficulties with night eating been going on?

_______ mos. _______ years

16. Is night eating upsetting to you?

[ ] 0 Not at all

[ ] 1 A lot

[ ] 2 Somewhat

[ ] 3 Very much so

[ ] 4 Extremely

17. How much has your night eating affected your life?

[ ] 0 Not at all

[ ] 1 A little

[ ] 2 Somewhat

[ ] 3 Very much so

[ ] 4 Extremely

SCORING KEY FOR THE NIGHT EATING QUESTIONNAIRE(NEQ)

A. Items 1, 4 and 14 are reverse scored. Items 1-12 and 14 are summed.

B. Item 13 is not included in the total score, but is used to rule out the parasomnia, Nocturnal Sleep Related Eating Disorder (NS-RED).

C. Item 15 is not added to the total score, but instead is used as a descriptor of the course of the symptoms.

D. Items 16 and 17 are used to confirm the presence of distress or impairment if NES is present.

A score of 25 or greater is suggestive of night eating syndrome, and a score of 30 and above is a strong indicator of NES, but we suggest that the answers are reviewed with the patient in an interview before a firm diagnosis is made. For example, many patients with night eating symptoms over-estimate their intake at night. Also, if patients are

depressed in the late evening and have trouble falling asleep, but only minimal night eating, this could inflate their scores.

Protocol Name from Source:

This section will be completed when reviewed by an Expert Review Panel.

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Self-administered questionnaire

Life Stage:

Adult

Participants:

Age 12-75

Specific Instructions:

© 2011 University of Pennsylvania. For commercial use, please contact the Center for Technology Transfer of the University of Pennsylvania. 3160 Chestnut St # 200, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (215) 898-9591

Selection Rationale

The 17-item Night Eating Questionnaire© is a reliable method for identifying Night Eating Syndrome and is an efficient, valid measure of Night Eating Syndrome Severity.

Language

English

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Obesity Night Time Eating Questionnaire Assessment Score 4994178 CDE Browser
Process and Review

This section will be completed when reviewed by an Expert Review Panel.

Source

Allison, K. C., Stunkard, A. J., & Thier, S. L. (2004). Overcoming Night Eating Syndrome. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger.

General References

Allison, K. C., Lundgren, J. D., O’Reardon, J. P., Martino, N. S., Sarwer, D. B., Wadden, T. A., Crosby, R. D., Engel, S. G., & Stunkard, A. J. (2008). The Night Eating Questionnaire (NEQ): Psychometric properties of a measure of severity of the Night Eating Syndrome. Eating Behaviors, 9, 62-72.

Alison, K. C., Crow S. J., Reeves, R. R., West, D. S., Foreyt, J. P., DiLillo, V. G., Wadden, T. A., Jeffrey, R. W., Van Dorsten, B., & Stunkard, A. J. (2007). Binge eating disorder and night eating syndrome in adults with type 2 diabetes. Obesity, 15(5), 1287-1293.

Protocol ID:

230601

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX230601_NightEating_ControlOver_Eating_UpatNight PX230601140000 How much control do you have over your eating while you are up at night? 4 N/A
PX230601_NightEating_Control_Eating_BetweenSupperBedtime PX230601040000 How much control do you have over your eating between supper and bedtime? 4 N/A
PX230601_NightEating_CravingsUrges_Eat_WhenUp_AtNight PX230601100000 Do you have cravings or urges ot eat snacks when you wake up at night? 4 N/A
PX230601_NightEating_Cravings_After_Supper PX230601030000 Do you have cravings or urges to eat snacks after supper, but before bedtime? 4 N/A
PX230601_NightEating_Currently_Feeling_BlueDowninDumps PX230601060000 Are you currently feeling blue or down in the dumps? 4 N/A
PX230601_NightEating_GetUpMiddleofNIght_HowOften PX230601090000 Other than only to use the bathroom, how often do you get up at least once in the middle of the night? 4 N/A
PX230601_NightEating_HowHungry_Morning PX230601010000 How hungry are you usually in the morning? 4 N/A
PX230601_NightEating_HowLong_Difficulties_NightEating_Months PX230601150200 How long have your current difficulties with night eating been going on? 4 N/A
PX230601_NightEating_HowLong_Difficulties_NightEating_Years PX230601150100 How long have your current difficulties with night eating been going on? 4 N/A
PX230601_NightEating_HowMuch_DailyIntake_AfterSuppertime PX230601050000 How much of your daily food intake do you consume after suppertime? 4 N/A
PX230601_NightEating_HowMuch_LifeAffected PX230601170000 How much has your night eating affected your life? 4 N/A
PX230601_NightEating_HowOften_Trouble_GettingtoSleep PX230601080000 How often do you have trouble getting to sleep 4 N/A
PX230601_NightEating_IsIt_Upsetting_ToYou PX230601160000 Is night eating upsetting you? 4 N/A
PX230601_NightEating_MiddleofNight_HowAware_ofEating PX230601130000 When you snack in the middle of the night, how aware are you of your eating? 4 N/A
PX230601_NightEating_MiddleofNight_Snack_HowOften PX230601120000 When you get up in the middle of the night, how often do you snack? 4 N/A
PX230601_NightEating_NeedToEat_BacktoSleep PX230601110000 Do you need to eat in order to get back to sleep when you awake at night? 4 N/A
PX230601_NightEating_WhenEat_FirstTime PX230601020000 When do you usually eat for the first time? 4 N/A
PX230601_NightEating_WhenFeelingBlue_MoodLower PX230601070100 When you are feeling blue, is your mood lower in the: 4 N/A
PX230601_NightEating_WhenFeelingBlue_MoodLower_Check PX230601070200 ________ check here if your mood does not change during the day 4 N/A
Research Domain Information
Measure Name:

Night Eating

Release Date:

September 9, 2015

Definition

This is a self-administered questionnaire to assess night eating behaviors and identify Night Eating Syndrome (NES).

Purpose

The purpose of this measure is to identify Night Eating Syndrome (NES). NES is when a person eats during the night with full awareness and may be unable to fall asleep again unless he or she eats.

Keywords

Night eating, eating disorders, obesity, eating behaviors, disordered eating, eating, mood, Night Eating Syndrome, Night Eating Questionnaire, NEQ, NES