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Protocol - Screening and Severity of Substance Use Problems - Adults - Alcohol - Lifetime

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Description:

The Brief Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (Brief MAST) is a 10-item instrument to screen for alcoholism. It is used as a quantitative indicator of the respondent’s alcohol-related problems.

Protocol:

Please select one answer for each of the following YES or NO questions:

1. Do you feel you are a normal drinker?

___ Yes ___ No

2. Do friends or relatives think that you are a normal drinker?

___ Yes ___ No

3. Have you ever attended a meeting of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)?

___ Yes ___ No

4. Have you ever lost friends or girlfriends/boyfriends because of drinking?

___ Yes ___ No

5. Have you ever gotten into trouble at work because of drinking?

___ Yes ___ No

6. Have you ever neglected your obligations, your family, or your work for two or more days in a row because you were drinking?

___ Yes ___ No

7. Have you ever had delirium tremens (DTs), severe shaking, heard voices, or seen things that weren’t there after heavy drinking?

___ Yes ___ No

8. Have you ever gone to anyone for help about your drinking?

___ Yes ___ No

9. Have you ever been in the hospital because of drinking?

___ Yes ___ No

10. Have you ever been arrested for drunk driving or driving after drinking?

___ Yes ___ No

Scoring Procedure and Interpretation

If an item was answered in the critical direction, add the number of points indicated for that item:

Item #

Critical direction

Points to add

1

NO

2

2

NO

2

3

YES

5

4

YES

2

5

YES

2

6

YES

2

7

YES

2

8

YES

5

9

YES

5

10

YES

2

A score of 6 or more indicates a probable diagnosis of alcoholism, except for questions 3, 8, or 9, which are by themselves diagnostic.

Protocol Name from Source:

Brief Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (Brief MAST)

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

The interviewer must be trained and found to be competent to conduct personal interviews with individuals from the general population. The interviewer should be trained to prompt respondents further if a "don’t know" response is provided.

Equipment Needs
None
Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Self-administered or interviewer-administered questionnaire

Life Stage:

Adult, Senior

Participants:

Adults aged 18 years and older

Specific Instructions:

Although this instrument can be administered via interview, the Substance Abuse and Addiction (SAA) Working Group (WG) recommends that this instrument be self-administered.

The SAA WG acknowledges that the following questions may gather sensitive information relating to the use of substances and/or illegal conduct. If the information is released, it might be damaging to an individual’s employability, lead to social stigmatization, or lead to other consequences.

Most researchers assure confidentiality as part of their informed consent process, as required by their institutional review boards. Further assurance of confidentiality may be obtained by applying to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for a Certificate of Confidentiality, which helps researchers protect the privacy of human research participants. The procedures for the Certificate of Confidentiality can be found at the Grants Policy website of the NIH (http://grants1.nih.gov/grants/policy/coc/index.htm).

Selection Rationale

The Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST) has good test-retest reliability and internal consistency. The MAST has been used widely for many years in a variety of settings with various population groups. The brief MAST is a shorter version of the 24-item MAST protocol that has been shown to yield equivalent results.

Language

English

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST) Assessment Description Text 3332401 CDE Browser
Process and Review

The Expert Review Panel #3 (ERP 3) reviewed the measures in Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Substances, and Substance Abuse and Addiction domains.

Guidance from ERP 3 includes:

• No significant changes to measure

Back-compatible: NA no changes to Data Dictionary

Source

Pokomy, A. D., Miller, B. A., & Kaplan, H. B. (1972). The Brief MAST: A shortened version of the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test. American Journal of Psychiatry, 129(3), 342-345.

General References

Selzer, M. L. (1971). The Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST): The quest for a new diagnostic instrument. American Journal of Psychiatry, 127(12), 1653-1658.

Protocol ID:

510203

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX510203_Arrested_For_Drunk_Driving PX510203100000 Have you ever been arrested for drunk driving or driving after drinking? 4 N/A
PX510203_Been_Hospitalized_Because_Of_Drinking PX510203090000 Have you ever been in the hospital because of drinking? 4 N/A
PX510203_Drinking_Cause_Trouble_At_Work PX510203050000 Have you ever gotten into trouble at work because of drinking? 4 Variable Mapping
PX510203_Ever_Attended_Alcoholics_Anonymous PX510203030000 Have you ever attended a meeting of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)? 4 N/A
PX510203_Ever_Had_Delirium_Tremens PX510203070000 Have you ever had delirium tremens (DTs), severe shaking, heard voices, or seen things that weren't there after heavy drinking? 4 N/A
PX510203_Friends_Think_You_Normal_Drinker PX510203020000 Do friends or relatives think that you are a normal drinker? 4 N/A
PX510203_Gone_For_Help_About_Drinking PX510203080000 Have you ever gone to anyone for help about your drinking? 4 N/A
PX510203_Lost_Friends_Because_Of_Drinking PX510203040000 Have you ever lost friends or girlfriends/boyfriends because of drinking? 4 N/A
PX510203_Neglected_Obligations_Because_Of_Drinking PX510203060000 Have you ever neglected your obligations, your family, or your work for two or more days in a row because you were drinking? 4 N/A
PX510203_Normal_Drinker PX510203010000 Do you feel you are a normal drinker? 4 N/A
Research Domain Information
Measure Name:

Screening and Severity of Substance Use Problems

Release Date:

February 24, 2012

Definition

Instruments used separately to screen for alcohol and other drug problems and to assess the severity of these problems.

Purpose

The purpose of this measure is to screen for alcohol-related and other drug-related problems (use) and to assess the severity of these problems by asking the respondent questions about use, withdrawal, and behaviors associated with substance use. This measure is not intended for abuse and dependence diagnoses based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM).

Keywords

Adolescent, Adult, Alcohol, Alcohol Abuse, Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test, Arrests, AUDIT, Brief Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test, Brief MAST, DAST-10, Drug Abuse Screening Test, Drugs, Other Drugs, SAA, Screening, Simple Screening Instrument for Alcohol and Other Drugs, SSI-AOD, Substance Abuse, Assessment of Substance Use and Substance Use Disorders