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Protocol - Self-reported Craving - Specific - Heroin

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Description:

The Heroin Craving Questionnaire - Short Form 14 (HCQ-SF-14) consists of 14 statements about the respondent’s feelings and thoughts about using heroin as he or she is completing the questionnaire (i.e., right now). This instrument allows investigators to obtain a reflection of the respondent’s general heroin craving.

Protocol:

Indicate how much you agree or disagree with each of the following statements by placing a single checkmark (like this: ::) along each line between STRONGLY DISAGREE and STRONGLY AGREE. The closer you place your checkmark to one end or the other indicates the strength of your disagreement or agreement. Please complete every item. We are interested in how you are thinking or feeling right now as you are filling out the questionnaire:

1. Using heroin would not sharpen my concentration.

STRONGLY AGREE _ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ : STRONGLY DISAGREE

2. I could control things better right now if I could use heroin.

STRONGLY AGREE _ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ : STRONGLY DISAGREE

3. If I tried a little heroin right now, I would not be able to stop using more of it.

STRONGLY AGREE _ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ : STRONGLY DISAGREE

4. I want heroin so bad I can almost taste it.

STRONGLY AGREE _ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ : STRONGLY DISAGREE

5. I don’t want to use heroin now.

STRONGLY AGREE _ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ : STRONGLY DISAGREE

6. I would be less irritable now if I could use heroin.

STRONGLY AGREE _ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ : STRONGLY DISAGREE

7. All I want to use now is heroin.

STRONGLY AGREE _ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ : STRONGLY DISAGREE

8. Using heroin would not be very satisfying now.

STRONGLY AGREE _ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ : STRONGLY DISAGREE

9. I would not enjoy using heroin now.

STRONGLY AGREE _ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ : STRONGLY DISAGREE

10. I do not need to use heroin now.

STRONGLY AGREE _ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ : STRONGLY DISAGREE

11. I would not be able to control how much heroin I used if I had some here.

STRONGLY AGREE _ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ : STRONGLY DISAGREE

12. I crave heroin right now.

STRONGLY AGREE _ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ : STRONGLY DISAGREE

13. I have an urge for heroin.

STRONGLY AGREE _ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ : STRONGLY DISAGREE

14. I think that I could resist using heroin now.

STRONGLY AGREE _ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ : STRONGLY DISAGREE

Scoring Procedure and Interpretation

Each item is scored on a scale ranging from 1 for "Strongly Disagree" to 7 for "Strongly Agree." The following items are reverse-scored: 1, 5, 8, 9, 10, and 14 (raw score = 8 minus reverse-keyed item score).

For total score, sum all 14 items and divide by 14. For the higher-order-factor score, sum all items except item 1 and divide by 13.

In a treatment-seeking sample (N = 101), the factor structure of the Heroin Craving Questionnaire-Short Form 14 (HCQ-SF-14) was not consistent with that of the validated 45-item HCQ. The higher-order-factor score can be used as a unidimensional assessment of craving; it correlates with total score on the 45-item HCQ and with visual analog scales for "crave," "want," and "need" (Heinz et al., 2006).

Protocol Name from Source:

Heroin Craving Questionnaire - Short Form 14 (HCQ-SF-14)

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Self-administered questionnaire

Life Stage:

Adult, Senior

Participants:

Adults aged 18 years and older

Specific Instructions:

The Substance Abuse and Addiction Working Group acknowledges that the following questions may gather sensitive information relating to the use of substances and/or illegal conduct. If the information is released, it might be damaging to an individual’s employability, lead to social stigmatization, or lead to other consequences.

Most researchers assure confidentiality as part of their informed consent process, as required by their institutional review boards. Further assurance of confidentiality may be obtained by applying to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for a Certificate of Confidentiality, which helps researchers protect the privacy of human research participants. The procedures for the Certificate of Confidentiality can be found at the Grants Policy website of NIH: http://grants1.nih.gov/grants/policy/coc/index.htm.

Selection Rationale

The 14-item Heroin Craving Questionnaire - Short Form 14 (HCQ-SF-14) is a shorter version of the 45-item HCQ. The HCQ-SF-14 is a valid and reliable measure of heroin craving that provides a snapshot of the respondent’s general heroin craving.

Language

English

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Heroin Short Form Heroin Craving Questionnaire (HCQ-SF-14) Assessment Score 3332469 CDE Browser
Process and Review

The Expert Review Panel #3 (ERP 3) reviewed the measures in Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Substances, and Substance Abuse and Addiction domains.

Guidance from ERP 3 includes:

• No significant changes to measure

Back-compatible: NA no changes to Data Dictionary

Source

Heinz, A. J., Schroeder, J. R., Epstein, D. H., Singleton, E. G., Heishman, S. J., & Preston, K. L. (2006). Heroin and cocaine craving and use during treatment: Measurement validation and potential relationships. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 31(4), 355-364.

General References

Rosenberg, H. (2009). Clinical and laboratory assessment of the subjective experience of drug craving. Clinical Psychology Review, 29(6), 519-534.

Tiffany, S. T. (1990). A cognitive model of drug urges and drug-use behavior: Role of automatic and nonautomatic processes. Psychological Review, 97(2), 147-168.

Tiffany, S. T., Singleton, E., Haertzen, C. A., & Henningfield, J. E. (1993). The development of a cocaine craving questionnaire. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 34(1), 19-28.

Protocol ID:

520303

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX520303_Control_Things_Better_Heroin PX520303020000 I could control things better right now if I could use heroin. 4 N/A
PX520303_Could_Resist_Heroin_Now PX520303140000 I think that I could resist using heroin now. 4 N/A
PX520303_Crave_Heroin PX520303120000 I crave heroin right now. 4 N/A
PX520303_Dont_Want_Heroin_Now PX520303050000 I don't want to use heroin now. 4 N/A
PX520303_Do_Not_Need_Heroin_Now PX520303100000 I do not need to use heroin now. 4 N/A
PX520303_Heroin_Almost_Taste_It PX520303040000 I want heroin so bad I can almost taste it. 4 N/A
PX520303_Heroin_Not_Sharpen_Concentration PX520303010000 Using heroin would not sharpen my concentration. 4 N/A
PX520303_Heroin_Would_Not_Satisfying PX520303080000 Using heroin would not be very satisfying now. 4 N/A
PX520303_Less_Irritable_Heroin PX520303060000 I would be less irritable now if I could use heroin. 4 N/A
PX520303_Unable_Control_Heroin_Amount PX520303110000 I would not be able to control how much heroin I used if I had some here. 4 N/A
PX520303_Unable_To_Stop_More_Heroin PX520303030000 If I tried a little heroin right now, I would not be able to stop using more of it. 4 N/A
PX520303_Urge_For_Heroin PX520303130000 I have an urge for heroin. 4 N/A
PX520303_Want_To_Use_Heroin PX520303070000 All I want to use now is heroin. 4 N/A
PX520303_Would_Not_Enjoy_Heroin PX520303090000 I would not enjoy using heroin now. 4 N/A
Research Domain Information
Measure Name:

Self-reported Craving

Release Date:

February 24, 2012

Definition

Instruments used separately to assess the severity of craving for tobacco, alcohol, or illegal drugs, via self-report.

Purpose

The purpose of this measure is to assess the severity of craving for tobacco, alcohol, or illegal drugs by asking the respondent questions about his or her desires, urges, or thoughts about such cravings. The Working Group recommends that investigators incorporate the question in the primary protocol as a core item to obtain general information on a variety of substances. The secondary protocols can then be used to obtain detailed information on a specific substance.

Keywords

Addiction, alcohol, Alcohol Urge Questionnaire, AUQ, Brief Questionnaire of Smoking Urges, QSU-Brief, cigarette, Cocaine Craving Questionnaire-Brief, CCQ-Brief, Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism, COGA, compulsion, desire, Marijuana Craving Questionnaire, MCQ, National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, NESARC, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, NIAAA, Obsessive-Compulsive Drug Use Scale, OCDUS Heroin Version, pot, Semi-Structured Assessment for the Genetics of Alcoholism, SSAGA, substance abuse and addiction, SAA, urge, substance-specific intermediate phenotypes