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Protocol - Sensitivity to Reward and Punishment - Child

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Description:

The child version of the behavioral inhibition system (BIS)/behavioral activation system (BAS) scale is a self- or proxy-administered 24-item questionnaire that measures individual differences in motivation. Respondents indicate how much they agree or disagree with the statements on a four-point scale (very true to not true). Scores can be derived for three behavioral activation system subscales (Drive, Fun Seeking, and Reward Responsiveness) and one behavioral inhibition system subscale. This scale is based on the original BIS/BAS system, which was later revised by Gray and McNaughton (2000).

Protocol:

Child BIS/BAS Scale

1. I do not become fearful or nervous, even when something bad happens to me. (R)

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

2. I do everything to get the things that I want.

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

3. When I am doing well at something, I like to keep doing this.

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

4. I am always willing to try something new, when I think it will be fun.

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

5. I feel excited and full of energy when I get something that I want.

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

6. I am hurt when people scold me or tell me that I do something wrong.

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

7. When I want something, I usually go all the way to get it.

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

8. I often do things for no other reason than that they might be fun.

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

9. When I see an opportunity to get something that I want, I go for it right away.

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

10. I feel pretty upset when I think that someone is angry with me.

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

11. I get really excited when I see an opportunity to get something I like.

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

12. I often do things on the spur of the moment.

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

13. I usually get very tense when I think something unpleasant is going to happen.

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

14. I get thrilled when good things happen to me.

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

15. I feel worried when I think I have done poorly at something.

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

16. I crave for excitement and new sensations.

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

17. Nobody can stop me when I want something.

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

18. I am very fearful compared to my friends.(R)

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

19. I get very excited when I would win a contest.

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

20. I worry about making mistakes.

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

Scoring

Items 1 and 18 are reverse-scored.

Add up the scores associated with each answer response to obtain scores for the individual subscales listed below.

BAS Drive: 2, 7, 9, 17

BAS Fun Seeking: 4, 8, 12, 16

BAS Reward Responsiveness: 3, 5, 11, 14, 19

BIS: 1, 6, 10, 13, 15, 18, 20

Protocol Name from Source:

Behavioral Inhibition System (BIS)/Behavioral Activation System (BAS) scale - child version

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Self- or proxy-administered questionnaire

Life Stage:

Child

Participants:

Children aged 8-12 years

Specific Instructions:

The Working Group (WG) notes that this questionnaire can be easily altered for completion by a proxy (teacher or parent).

This version includes the four filler (unscored) questions (numbers 1, 6, 11, 17) developed for the adult version by Carver and White (1994).

The WG notes that although the answer responses for the adolescent/adult version of the behavioral inhibition system (BIS)/behavioral activation system (BAS) scale range from 1-4 and the answer responses for the child version range from 0-3, the scores are still comparable.

Selection Rationale

The behavioral inhibition system (BIS)/behavioral activation system (BAS) scale is easily administered, widely used, and correlates well with other similar measures.

Language

Dutch, English

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Child Reward and Punishment Sensitivity Questionnaire Assessment Score 3372041 CDE Browser
Process and Review

The Expert Review Panel #3 (ERP 3) reviewed the measures in Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Substances, and Substance Abuse and Addiction domains.

Guidance from ERP 3 includes:

• No significant changes to measure

Back-compatible: NA no changes to Data Dictionary

Source

Muris, P., Meesters, C., de Kanter, E., & Timmerman, P. E. (2005). Behavioural inhibition and behavioural activation system scales for children: Relationships with Eysenck’s personality traits and psychopathological symptoms. Personality and Individual Differences, 38, 831-841.

General References

Bijttebier, P., Beck, I., Claes, L., & Vandereycken, W. (2009). Gray’s reinforcement sensitivity theory as a framework for research on personality-psychopathology associations. Clinical Psychology Review, 29, 421-430.

Carver, C. S., & White, T. L. (1994). Behavioral inhibition, behavioral activation, and affective responses to impending reward and punishment: The BIS/BAS scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67(2), 319-333.

Gray, J. A., & McNaughton, N. (2000). The neuropsychology of anxiety: An inquiry into the functions of the septo-hippocampal system. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Willem, L., Bijttebier, P., & Claes, L. (2010). Reactive and self-regulatory temperament dimensions in relation to alcohol use in adolescence. Addictive Behaviors, 35, 1029-1035.

Protocol ID:

540602

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX540602_Crave_For_Excitement PX540602160000 I crave for excitement and new sensations. 4 N/A
PX540602_Do_Everything_To_Get_Things PX540602020000 I do everything to get the things that I want. 4 N/A
PX540602_Do_Things_For_Fun PX540602080000 I often do things for no other reason than that they might be fun. 4 N/A
PX540602_Excited_About_Opportunity PX540602110000 I get really excited when I see an opportunity to get something I like. 4 N/A
PX540602_Excited_About_Winning_Contest PX540602190000 I get very excited when I would win a contest. 4 N/A
PX540602_Excited_And_Full_Of_Energy PX540602050000 I feel excited and full of energy when I get something that I want. 4 N/A
PX540602_Fearful_Compared_To_My_Friends PX540602180000 I am very fearful compared to my friends.(R) 4 N/A
PX540602_Go_All_The_Way PX540602070000 When I want something, I usually go all the way to get it. 4 N/A
PX540602_Go_For_Opportunities_Right_Away PX540602090000 When I see an opportunity to get something that I want, I go for it right away. 4 N/A
PX540602_Hurt_When_Scolded PX540602060000 I am hurt when people scold me or tell me that I do something wrong. 4 N/A
PX540602_Like_To_Keep_Doing PX540602030000 When I am doing well at something, I like to keep doing this. 4 N/A
PX540602_Nobody_Can_Stop_Me PX540602170000 Nobody can stop me when I want something. 4 N/A
PX540602_Not_Fearful_When_Bad_Happens PX540602010000 I do not become fearful or nervous, even when something bad happens to me. 4 N/A
PX540602_Spur_Of_The_Moment PX540602120000 I often do things on the spur of the moment. 4 N/A
PX540602_Tense_When_Something_Unpleasant_Happens PX540602130000 I usually get very tense when I think something unpleasant is going to happen. 4 N/A
PX540602_Thrilled_When_Good_Things_Happen PX540602140000 I get thrilled when good things happen to me. 4 N/A
PX540602_Upset_When_Someone_Is_Angry PX540602100000 I feel pretty upset when I think that someone is angry with me. 4 N/A
PX540602_Willing_To_Try_Something_New PX540602040000 I am always willing to try something new, when I think it will be fun. 4 N/A
PX540602_Worried_When_Do_Poorly PX540602150000 I feel worried when I think I have done poorly at something. 4 N/A
PX540602_Worry_About_Making_Mistakes PX540602200000 I worry about making mistakes. 4 N/A
Research Domain Information
Measure Name:

Sensitivity to Reward and Punishment

Release Date:

November 21, 2016

Definition

This measure assesses the participant’s sensitivity to two motivational systems: the behavioral inhibition system (BIS) and the behavioral activation system (BAS).

Purpose

The behavioral inhibition system (BIS) alerts the person to danger and punishment through feelings of anxiety and therefore inhibits behavior that leads to negative consequences. The behavioral activation system (BAS) alerts the person to reward through feelings of elation and therefore promotes behavior that leads to positive consequences. Various psychological disorders-such as attention-deficit and hyperactivity disorder, bipolar disorder, and substance abuse-may result from an imbalance in one motivational system or the other (Bijttebier et al., 2009).

Keywords

Adolescent, Adult, BAS, Behavioral activation system, Behavioral inhibition system, BIS, Incentive, Motivation, Personality, Punishment, Reinforcement sensitivity, Reward, Substance abuse, Substance use, SAA, Substance Use-related Psychosocial Risk Factors