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Protocol - Disapproval of Substance Use

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Description:

Respondents complete a self-administered question from the Monitoring the Future (MTF) 2015 questionnaire, related to whether or not they approve of people participating in tobacco, alcohol, and drug use.

Protocol:

1. Individuals differ in whether or not they disapprove of people doing certain things. Do YOU disapprove of people doing each of the following?

a. Smoking one or more packs of cigarettes per day

[ ] 1 Don’t Disapprove

[ ] 2 Disapprove

[ ] 3 Strongly Disapprove

[ ] 4 Can’t Say, Drug Unfamiliar

b. Using smokeless tobacco regularly

[ ] 1 Don’t Disapprove

[ ] 2 Disapprove

[ ] 3 Strongly Disapprove

[ ] 4 Can’t Say, Drug Unfamiliar

c. Tying marijuana once or twice

[ ] 1 Don’t Disapprove

[ ] 2 Disapprove

[ ] 3 Strongly Disapprove

[ ] 4 Can’t Say, Drug Unfamiliar

d. Smoking marijuana occasionally

[ ] 1 Don’t Disapprove

[ ] 2 Disapprove

[ ] 3 Strongly Disapprove

[ ] 4 Can’t Say, Drug Unfamiliar

e. Smoking marijuana regularly

[ ] 1 Don’t Disapprove

[ ] 2 Disapprove

[ ] 3 Strongly Disapprove

[ ] 4 Can’t Say, Drug Unfamiliar

f. Trying cocaine in powder form once or twice

[ ] 1 Don’t Disapprove

[ ] 2 Disapprove

[ ] 3 Strongly Disapprove

[ ] 4 Can’t Say, Drug Unfamiliar

g. Taking cocaine powder occasionally

[ ] 1 Don’t Disapprove

[ ] 2 Disapprove

[ ] 3 Strongly Disapprove

[ ] 4 Can’t Say, Drug Unfamiliar

h. Trying "crack" cocaine once or twice

[ ] 1 Don’t Disapprove

[ ] 2 Disapprove

[ ] 3 Strongly Disapprove

[ ] 4 Can’t Say, Drug Unfamiliar

i. Taking "crack" cocaine occasionally

[ ] 1 Don’t Disapprove

[ ] 2 Disapprove

[ ] 3 Strongly Disapprove

[ ] 4 Can’t Say, Drug Unfamiliar

j. Trying one or two drinks of an alcoholic beverage (beer, wine, liquor)

[ ] 1 Don’t Disapprove

[ ] 2 Disapprove

[ ] 3 Strongly Disapprove

[ ] 4 Can’t Say, Drug Unfamiliar

k. Taking one or two drinks nearly every day

[ ] 1 Don’t Disapprove

[ ] 2 Disapprove

[ ] 3 Strongly Disapprove

[ ] 4 Can’t Say, Drug Unfamiliar

l. Having five or more drinks once or twice each weekend

[ ] 1 Don’t Disapprove

[ ] 2 Disapprove

[ ] 3 Strongly Disapprove

[ ] 4 Can’t Say, Drug Unfamiliar

m. Sniffing glue, gases, or sprays once or twice

[ ] 1 Don’t Disapprove

[ ] 2 Disapprove

[ ] 3 Strongly Disapprove

[ ] 4 Can’t Say, Drug Unfamiliar

n. Sniffing glue, gases, or sprays regularly

[ ] 1 Don’t Disapprove

[ ] 2 Disapprove

[ ] 3 Strongly Disapprove

[ ] 4 Can’t Say, Drug Unfamiliar

o. Taking LSD once or twice

[ ] 1 Don’t Disapprove

[ ] 2 Disapprove

[ ] 3 Strongly Disapprove

[ ] 4 Can’t Say, Drug Unfamiliar

p. Taking LSD regularly

[ ] 1 Don’t Disapprove

[ ] 2 Disapprove

[ ] 3 Strongly Disapprove

[ ] 4 Can’t Say, Drug Unfamiliar

q. Trying MDMA ("ecstasy") once or twice

[ ] 1 Don’t Disapprove

[ ] 2 Disapprove

[ ] 3 Strongly Disapprove

[ ] 4 Can’t Say, Drug Unfamiliar

r. Taking MDMC ("ecstasy") occasionally

[ ] 1 Don’t Disapprove

[ ] 2 Disapprove

[ ] 3 Strongly Disapprove

[ ] 4 Can’t Say, Drug Unfamiliar

s. Using electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) regularly

[ ] 1 Don’t Disapprove

[ ] 2 Disapprove

[ ] 3 Strongly Disapprove

[ ] 4 Can’t Say, Drug Unfamiliar

Protocol Name from Source:

National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Drug Abuse, University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research, Monitoring the Future (MTF), 2015.

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

None.

Equipment Needs

None.

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Self-administered questionnaire

Life Stage:

Adolescent, Adult

Participants:

Adolescents and adults aged 13 years or older

Specific Instructions:

Although the Monitoring the Future (MTF) questionnaire is validated for adolescents, the Working Group notes that the instrument could be administered to adults.

Selection Rationale

The Monitoring the Future (MTF) protocol was chosen because it has been used in a comprehensive research project with large samples that are nationally representative. The MTF is a repeated series of surveys in which the same segments of the population (8th-, 10th-, and 12th-graders; college students; and young adults) are presented with the same set of questions over a period of years to see how answers change over time. The measures for this questionnaire have been validated and used widely in the literature with adolescents and young adults.

Language

English

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Substance use Disapproval Questionnaire Assessment Description Text 3372033 CDE Browser
Process and Review

The Expert Review Panel #3 (ERP 3) reviewed the measures in Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Substances, and Substance Abuse and Addiction domains.

Guidance from ERP 3 includes:

• Changed name of Measure

• Updated protocol

• New Data Dictionary

Back-compatible: Partially back-compatible (updated/similar protocol which would require some changes to the data dictionary), variable mapping between current and previous protocols can be found here

Previous version in Toolkit archive (link)

Source

National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Drug Abuse, University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research, Monitoring the Future (MTF), 2015. Ann Arbor, MI: Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research. Form 2, Part A, Question 17.

General References

Miech, R. A., Johnston, L. D., O’Malley, P. M., Bachman, J. G., & Schulenberg, J. E. (2015). Monitoring the Future national survey results on drug use, 1975-2014: Volume I, Secondary school students. Ann Arbor: Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan.

Protocol ID:

550202

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
Research Domain Information
Measure Name:

Disapproval of Substance Use

Release Date:

November 21, 2016

Definition

Instrument used to gather information on whether respondents disapprove of other people using specific substances, including cigarettes, alcohol, and illegal drugs.

Purpose

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Keywords

Monitoring the Future, MTF, Drugs, Alcohol, Smoking, Cigarettes, Tobacco, Substance abuse, Adolescents, Adults, Marijuana, MDMA, Ecstasy, Steroids, Cocaine, Heroin, Social norms, SAA, Substance Use-related Community Factors