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Protocol - Disability Due to Mental Health Symptoms

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Description:

The Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) includes three self-rated items designed to measure how work, social life, and family life are impaired by current psychiatric symptoms (e.g., panic, anxiety, phobia, or depression). Each item includes an 11-point analog scale that uses visual-spatial, numeric, and verbal descriptive anchors simultaneously to represent the degree of disruption. The numerical ratings of 0-10 can be translated into a percentage or summed into a single dimensional measure of global functional impairment that ranges from 0 (unimpaired) to 30 (highly impaired). There are no formal norms or recommended cutoff scores. Two optional items quantify days lost and days underproductive at work or school.

Protocol:

Summary of the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS)

The Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) includes three self-rated items designed to measure how work, social life, and family life are impaired by current psychiatric symptoms (e.g., panic, anxiety, phobia, or depression). Each item includes an 11-point analog scale that uses visual-spatial, numeric, and verbal descriptive anchors simultaneously to represent the degree of disruption. Two optional items quantify days lost and days underproductive at work or school. The numerical ratings of 0-10 can be translated into a percentage or summed into a single dimensional measure of global functional impairment that ranges from 0 (unimpaired) to 30 (highly impaired). Although there are no formal norms or recommended cutoff scores, a score >5 on any of the three scales may indicate significant functional impairment.

Protocol Name from Source:

This section will be completed when reviewed by an Expert Review Panel.

Availability:

Proprietary

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Self-administered or interviewer-administered questionnaire

Life Stage:

Adult

Participants:

Adults, ages 18 and older

Specific Instructions:

The Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) is a proprietary instrument and administration requires a license from David Sheehan: http://davidvsheehan.org/

Selection Rationale

The Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) is a widely used, brief, reliable, and valid self-rated measure of impairment in functioning for use in mental health research and clinical practice.

Language

English

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Mental Health Disability Questionnaire 4588700 CDE Browser
Process and Review

This section will be completed when reviewed by an Expert Review Panel.

Source

The Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) is a proprietary instrument and administration requires a license from David Sheehan: http://davidvsheehan.org/

General References

Harnett-Sheehan, K., & Sheehan, D. V. (2008). Assessing treatment effects in clinical trials with the Discan metric of the Sheehan disability Scale. International Clinical Psychopharmacology, 23(2), 70-83.

Leon, A. C., Shear, M. K., Portera, L., & Klerman, G. L. (1992). Assessing impairment in patients with panic disorder: The Sheehan Disability Scale. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 27, 78-82.

Leon, A. C., Olfson, M., Portera, L., Farber, L., & Sheehan, D. V. (1997). Assessing psychiatric impairment in primary care with the Sheehan Disability Scale. International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 27(2), 93-105.

Olfson, M., Kathol, R. G., Weissman, M. M., Sheehan, D. V., Leon, A. C., Hoven, C. (1997). Mental disorders and disability in a primary care group practice. American Journal of Psychiatry, 154, 1734-1740.

Sheehan, D. V., Harnett-Sheehan, K., & Raj, B. A. (1996) The measurement of disability. International Clinical Psychopharmacology, 11(Suppl. 3), 89-95.

Task Force for the Handbook of Psychiatric Measures. (2000). Disability scale. In The handbook of psychiatric measures. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.

Protocol ID:

630801

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX630801_Disability_Days_Lost PX630801050000 On how many days in the last week did your symptoms cause you to miss school or work or leave you unable to carry out your normal daily responsibilities? 4 N/A
PX630801_Disability_Days_Unproductive PX630801060000 On how many days in the last week did you feel so impaired by your symptoms, that even though you went to school or work, your productivity was reduced? 4 N/A
PX630801_Disability_Disrupt_Family_Life PX630801040000 The symptoms have disrupted your family life / home responsibilities: 4 N/A
PX630801_Disability_Disrupt_Social_Life PX630801030000 The symptoms have disrupted your social life / leisure activities: 4 N/A
Research Domain Information
Measure Name:

Disability Due to Mental Health Symptoms

Release Date:

November 21, 2014

Definition

A questionnaire to measure impairment of functioning attributed to current mental health symptoms.

Purpose

This measure can be used to assess functional impairment in three interrelated domains: work/school, social life, and family life.

Keywords

Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD, Depression, Trauma, Disability, Functional impairment, Outcomes, Work, Social life, Family life, Home responsibilities, Proprietary