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Protocol - Hedonic Tone or Response to Pleasurable Situations

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Description:

The Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure Scale (SHAPS) is a self-administered, paper-and-pencil questionnaire with 14 items assessing four domains of pleasure response/hedonic experience: interest/pastimes, social interaction, sensory experience, and food/drink.

Protocol:

This questionnaire is designed to measure your ability to experience pleasure in the last few days. It is important to read each statement very carefully. Tick one of the boxes [ ] to indicate how much you agree or disagree with each statement.

1. I would enjoy my favourite television or radio programme:

[] Strongly disagree

[] Disagree

[] Agree

[] Strongly disagree

2. I would enjoy being with my family or close friends:

[] Strongly disagree

[] Disagree

[] Agree

[] Strongly disagree

3. I would find pleasure in my hobbies and pastimes:

[] Strongly disagree

[] Disagree

[] Agree

[] Strongly disagree

4. I would be able to enjoy my favourite meal:

[] Strongly disagree

[] Disagree

[] Agree

[] Strongly disagree

5. I would enjoy a warm bath or refreshing shower:

[] Strongly disagree

[] Disagree

[] Agree

[] Strongly disagree

6. I would find pleasure in the scent of flowers or the smell of a fresh sea breeze or freshly baked bread:

[] Strongly disagree

[] Disagree

[] Agree

[] Strongly disagree

7. I would enjoy seeing other people’s smiling faces:

[] Strongly disagree

[] Disagree

[] Agree

[] Strongly disagree

8. I would enjoy looking smart when I have made an effort with my appearance:

[] Strongly disagree

[] Disagree

[] Agree

[] Strongly disagree

9. I would enjoy reading a book, magazine or newspaper:

[] Strongly disagree

[] Disagree

[] Agree

[] Strongly disagree

10. I would enjoy a cup of tea or coffee or my favourite drink:

[] Strongly disagree

[] Disagree

[] Agree

[] Strongly disagree

11. I would find pleasure in small things, e.g., bright sunny day, a telephone call from a friend:

[] Strongly disagree

[] Disagree

[] Agree

[] Strongly disagree

12. I would be able to enjoy a beautiful landscape or view:

[] Strongly disagree

[] Disagree

[] Agree

[] Strongly disagree

13. I would get pleasure from helping others:

[] Strongly disagree

[] Disagree

[] Agree

[] Strongly disagree

14. I would feel pleasure when I receive praise from other people:

[] Strongly disagree

[] Disagree

[] Agree

[] Strongly disagree

Scoring: Either of the Disagree responses receives a score of 1 and either of the Agree responses receives a score of 0. The SHAPS is scored as the sum of the 14 items so that total scores ranged from 0 to 14. A higher total SHAPS score indicated higher levels of anhedonia. A cut-off score of 2 provides the best discrimination between "normal" and "abnormal" level of hedonic tone.

Protocol Name from Source:

This section will be completed when reviewed by an Expert Review Panel.

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Self-administered questionnaire

Life Stage:

Adult

Participants:

Adults 18 and older; not valid with the blind.

Specific Instructions:

The work group acknowledges this protocol is in English (United Kingdom) and recommends adjusting for English (United States) as needed.

Selection Rationale

Anhedonia, the inability to experience pleasure in normally pleasurable acts, is associated with smoking cessation outcomes. Emotional regulation, and specifically anhedonia, may be a core dimension of depression that is associated with cessation failure. Further, animal studies have implicated anhedonia in response to drug withdrawal, and it is linked to drug self-administration.

Language

English

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Psychiatry Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure Scale (SHAPS) Assessment Scale 4719076 CDE Browser
Process and Review

This section will be completed when reviewed by an Expert Review Panel.

Source

Snaith, R. P., Hamilton, M., Morley, S., Humayan, A., Hargreaves, D., & Trigwell, P. (1995). A scale for the assessment of hedonic tone the Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure Scale. British Journal of Psychiatry, 167(1), 99-103.

General References

Dawkins, L., Powell, J. H., Pickering, A., Powell, J. & West, R. (2009). Patterns of change in withdrawal symptoms, desire to smoke, reward motivation and response inhibition across 3 months of smoking abstinence. Addiction, 104, 850-858.

Dawkins, L., Powell, J. H., West, R., Powell, J., & Pickering, A. (2006). A double-blind placebo controlled experimental study of nicotine: I-Effects on incentive motivation. Psychopharmacology, 189, 355-367.

Leventhal, A. M., Chasson, G. S., Tapia, E., Miller, E. K., & Pettit, J. W. (2006). Measuring hedonic capacity in depression: A psychometric analysis of three anhedonia scales. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 62, 1545-1558.

Snaith, R. P., Hamilton, M., Morley, S., Humayan, A., Hargreaves, D., & Trigwell, P. (1995). A scale for the assessment of hedonic tone the Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure

Scale. British Journal of Psychiatry, 167(1), 99-103.

Protocol ID:

710601

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX710601_Pleasure_Bath_Shower PX710601050000 I would enjoy a warm bath or refreshing shower: 4 N/A
PX710601_Pleasure_Enjoy_Favourite_Meal PX710601040000 I would be able to enjoy my favourite meal: 4 N/A
PX710601_Pleasure_Family_Friends PX710601020000 I would enjoy being with my family or close friends: 4 N/A
PX710601_Pleasure_Helping_Others PX710601130000 I would get pleasure from helping others: 4 N/A
PX710601_Pleasure_Hobbies_Pastimes PX710601030000 I would find pleasure in my hobbies and pastimes: 4 N/A
PX710601_Pleasure_Landscape_View PX710601120000 I would be able to enjoy a beautiful landscape or view: 4 N/A
PX710601_Pleasure_Looking_Smart_Appearance PX710601080000 I would enjoy looking smart when I have made an effort with my appearance: 4 N/A
PX710601_Pleasure_Reading PX710601090000 I would enjoy reading a book, magazine or newspaper: 4 N/A
PX710601_Pleasure_Receive_Praise PX710601140000 I would feel pleasure when I receive praise from other people: 4 N/A
PX710601_Pleasure_Scent PX710601060000 I would find pleasure in the scent of flowers or the smell of a fresh sea breeze or freshly baked bread: 4 N/A
PX710601_Pleasure_Scoring PX710601150000 Either of the Disagree responses receives a score of 1 and either of the Agree responses receives a score of 0. The SHAPS is scored as the sum of the 14 items so that total scores ranged from 0 to 14. A higher total SHAPS score indicated higher levels of anhedonia. A cut-off score of 2 provides the best discrimination between "normal" and "abnormal" level of hedonic tone. 4 N/A
PX710601_Pleasure_Small_Things PX710601110000 I would find pleasure in small things, e.g., bright sunny day, a telephone call from a friend: 4 N/A
PX710601_Pleasure_Smiling_Faces PX710601070000 I would enjoy seeing other people's smiling faces: 4 N/A
PX710601_Pleasure_Tea_Coffee_Drink PX710601100000 I would enjoy a cup of tea or coffee or my favourite drink: 4 N/A
PX710601_Pleasure_Television_Radio PX710601010000 I would enjoy my favourite television or radio programme: 4 N/A
Research Domain Information
Measure Name:

Hedonic Tone or Response to Pleasurable Situations

Release Date:

February 20, 2015

Definition

A self-report measure to determine anhedonia or an individual’s inability to experience pleasure.

Purpose

This scale is designed to measure the degree to which a person is able to experience pleasure or the anticipation of a pleasurable experience. Anhedonia can serve as a baseline, trait-like variable, as well as a state that can be influenced by tobacco use.

Keywords

Personality, anhedonia, emotion regulation, emotions, pleasure, depression, pleasurable acts, withdrawal, affect, reward value