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Protocol - Local Tobacco Control Public Policies

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Description:

This protocol uses tobacco control legislative data from the American Nonsmokers’ Rights Foundation’s (ANRF’s) U.S. Tobacco Control Laws Database, a standardized system and national collection of local ordinances and board of health regulations containing provisions on clean indoor air, restrictions on youth access to tobacco, tobacco sales and distribution restrictions, tobacco advertising and promotion restrictions, tobacco excise taxes, and conditional use permits.

Protocol:

The U.S. Tobacco Control Laws Database can be used to generate reports that provide local-level data on tobacco use prevention and control policies related to the following topics:

  • 100% smokefree ordinances (non-hospitality worksites, restaurants, bars)
  • Preemption of local smokefree air laws
  • Excise taxes on tobacco products
  • Restrictions on minors’ access to tobacco products
  • Marketing/advertising restrictions
  • Restrictions on other (non-cigarette) tobacco products

To view the latest Smokefree Lists and Maps, and description of Data that are updated on a quarterly basis (January, April, July, and October)

see: www.no-smoke.org/goingsmokefree.php?id=519.

Protocol Name from Source:

This section will be completed when reviewed by an Expert Review Panel.

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

Knowledge of the American Nonsmokers’ Rights Foundation’s (ANRF’s) U.S. Tobacco Control Laws Database. Further analysis of the extracted data is required.

Equipment Needs

Access to a computer with Internet access.

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Secondary Data Analysis

Life Stage:

Participants:

Not applicable: Derived from proprietary secondary data.

Specific Instructions:

With the exception of lists of current local jurisdictions that are 100% smoke free, all American Nonsmokers’ Rights Foundation (ANRF) data are proprietary. To purchase data on additional topics from the database, please call ANRF for a quote at 510-841-3032, or e-mail the Ordinance Database Team at TobaccoLawsDatabase@no-smoke.org.

In addition, the WG recommends that investigators consider clearly defining "tobacco products" by noting whether that definition includes or excludes certain types of related products based on these criteria: products that are intended for human consumption; made or derived from tobacco; typically contain nicotine, but sometimes do not; and are not Food and Drug Administration-approved tobacco-cessation products.

Selection Rationale

Tobacco use is the single leading cause of preventable deaths and disease in the United States. Extensive evidence demonstrates the effectiveness of various tobacco control policies in reducing tobacco use. In many jurisdictions, local tobacco control policies are stronger and/or more comprehensive than state policies.

Language

English

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Tobacco Local Tobacco Control Public Policy Assessment Text 4885191 CDE Browser
Process and Review

This section will be completed when reviewed by an Expert Review Panel.

Source

American Nonsmokers’ Rights Foundation (ANRF). (2015). U.S. Tobacco Control Laws Database. www.no-smoke.org/goingsmokefree.php?id=519

General References

Babb, S., McNeil, C., Kruger, J., & Tynan, M.A. (2015). Secondhand smoke and smoking restrictions in casinos: A review of the evidence. Tobacco Control, 24(1), 11-17.

Ferketich, A. K., Lugo, A., La Vecchia, C., Fernandez, E., Boffetta, P., Clancy, L., & Gallus, S. (2014). Relation between national-level tobacco control policies and individual-level voluntary home smoking bans in Europe. Tobacco Control [Epub ahead of print].

Hahn, E. J., Rayens, M. K., Adkins, S., Begley, K., & York, N. (2015). A controlled community-based trial to promote smoke-free policy in rural communities. Journal of Rural Health, 31(1), 76-88.

Kadowaki, J., Vuolo, M., & Kelly, B. C. (2015). A review of the current geographic distribution of and debate surrounding electronic cigarette clean air regulations in the United States. Health & Place, 31, 75-82.

Klein, E. G., & Hood, N. E. (2015). The smoking ban next door: Do hospitality businesses in border areas have reduced sales after a statewide smoke-free policy? Health Policy, 119(1), 44-49.

Protocol ID:

750601

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Advertising PX750601220000 Does the municipality have tobacco advertising laws? (advertising via location/zoning, tombstone, public transit, retailer requirements) 4 N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Airport PX750601080000 Does the municipality have 100% smokefree airport laws? 4 N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Bar PX750601030000 Does the municipality have 100% smokefree freestanding bar laws? 4 N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Baseball_Stadiums PX750601100000 What smoking policies does the municipality have at professional baseball stadiums? 4 N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Beach PX750601170000 Does the municipality have 100% smoke-free beach laws? 4 N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Conditional_Use PX750601230000 Does the municipality have conditional use permit laws? 4 N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Football_Stadiums PX750601090000 What smoking policies does the municipality have at professsional American football stadiums? 4 N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Hotel PX750601040000 Does the municipality have 100% smokefree hotel and motel guest room laws? 4 N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Marketratemultiunit_Balcony PX750601120200 If all units in Market Rate Multi-unit Housing are 100% smoke-free, do the units have a patio or balcony? 4 N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Marketratemultiunit_Condominium PX750601120300 If all units in Market Rate Multi-unit Housing are 100% smoke-free, are the units described as condominiums? 4 N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Marketratemultiunit_Enddate PX750601120700 If the municipality has laws that restrict a percentage of units in Market Rate Multi-unit housing to be 100% smoke-free, what is the final effective date of said law? 4 N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Marketratemultiunit_Minimum PX750601110000 What is the minimum number of units for the municipality to consider a building Market Rate Multi-unit Housing? 4 N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Marketratemultiunit_Minimumpercentage PX750601120400 If the municipality does not restrict Market Rate Multi-unit Housing to be 100% smoke-free, are there laws that restrict percentage of units to be currently 100% smoke-free? 4 N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Marketratemultiunit_Percentage PX750601120500 If the municipality has laws that require Market Rate Multi-unit housing to be smoke-free, what is the minimum percentage of Market Rate Multi-unit Housing that need to be smoke-free? 4 N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Marketratemultiunit_Restriction PX750601120100 Does the municipality restrict Market Rate Multi-unit Housing to be 100% smoke-free? 4 N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Marketratemultiunit_Startdate PX750601120600 If the municipality has laws that restrict a percentage of units in Market Rate Multi-unit housing to be 100% smoke-free, what is the initial effective date of said law? 4 N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Medicalfacilities PX750601050000 Does the municipality have 100% smokefree hospital and psychiatric facility laws? 4 N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Medicalfacilities_Any PX750601060000 Does the municipality have any laws restricting smoking at hospital and psychiatric facilities? 4 N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Medicalfacilities_Details PX750601070000 If the municipality has any laws restricting smoking at hospital and psychiatric facilities, what are the details of the restrictions? 4 N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Nonhospitality PX750601010000 Does the municipality have 100% smokefree non-hospitality workplace laws? 4 Variable Mapping
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Outdoor_Dining PX750601190000 Does the municipality have 100% smoke-free outdoor dining and bar patio laws? 4 N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Parks PX750601200000 Does the municipality have 100% smoke-free park laws? 4 N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Pharmacy PX750601160000 Does the municipality have 100% tobacco-free pharmacy laws? 4 N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Private_Clubs PX750601150000 Does the municipality have 100% smokefree private club laws? 4 N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Publicaffordablemultiunit_Balcony PX750601140200 If all units in Public/Affordable Multi-unit Housing are 100% smoke-free, do the units have a patio or balcony? 4 N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Publicaffordablemultiunit_Enddate PX750601140600 If the municipality has laws that restrict a percentage of units in Public/Affordable Multi-unit housing to be 100% smoke-free, what is the final effective date of said law? 4 N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Publicaffordablemultiunit_Minimum PX750601130000 What is the minimum number of units for the municipality to consider a building Public/Affordable Multi-unit Housing? 4 N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Publicaffordablemultiunit_Minimumpercentage PX750601140300 If the municipality does not restrict Public/Affordable Multi-unit Housing to be 100% smoke-free, are there laws that restrict percentage of units to be currently 100% smoke-free? 4 N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Publicaffordablemultiunit_Percentage PX750601140400 If the municipality has laws that require Public/Affordable Multi-unit housing to be smoke-free, what is the minimum percentage of Public/Affordable Multi-unit Housing that need to be smoke-free? 4 N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Publicaffordablemultiunit_Restriction PX750601140100 Does the municipality restrict Public/Affordable Multi-unit Housing to be 100% smoke-free? 4 N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Publicaffordablemultiunit_Startdate PX750601140500 If the municipality has laws that restrict a percentage of units in Public/Affordable Multi-unit housing to be 100% smoke-free, what is the initial effective date of said law? 4 N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Restaurant PX750601020000 Does the municipality have 100% smokefree restaurant laws? 4 N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Transit_Stops PX750601180000 Does the municipality have 100% smoke-free transit waiting area laws? 4 N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Youth_Access PX750601240000 Does the municipality have youth access laws? 4 N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Zoos PX750601210000 Does the municipality have 100% smoke-free zoo laws? 4 N/A
Research Domain Information
Measure Name:

Local Tobacco Control Public Policies

Release Date:

June 24, 2015

Definition

A measure of tobacco use prevention and control policies at the local-level.

Purpose

This measure examines tobacco use prevention and control policies.

Keywords

American Nonsmokers’ Rights Foundation, ANRF, U.S. Tobacco Control Laws Database, smoke free, bans, restrictions, excise tax, tobacco, minors, marketing, advertising, policy, emerging tobacco products, preemption, smoke-free air, second hand smoke, secondhand smoke, second-hand smoke