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Protocol - Breast or Bottle Feeding Patterns

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Description:

These parent-reported, self-administered questions obtain information on the infant's feeding schedule, frequency of adding supplemental foods, and feeding lengths.

Protocol:

1. In the past 7 days, how many times was your baby usually fed in a 24-hour period? Please include breast feedings, bottles, meals, snacks, and night-time feedings.

[ ]  1 to 2

[ ]  3

[ ]  4

[ ]  5

[ ]  6

[ ]  7

[ ]  8 or more

2. During the past 2 weeks, how often was your baby put to bed with a bottle of formula, breast milk, juice drink, or any other kind of milk?

[ ] At most bedtimes, including naps

[ ] At most night bedtimes, but not naps

[ ] At most naps, but not night bedtimes

[ ] Only occasionally at bedtimes, including naps

[ ] Never

3. How often have you added each of the following items to your baby's bottle or to pumped (or expressed) breast milk in the past 2 weeks? If you have not given your baby a bottle in the past 2 weeks, "X" here [ ] and go to the next question.

a. Vitamins or minerals

[ ] Never

[ ] Only Rarely

[ ] Every Few Days

[ ] About Once a Day

[ ] At Most Feedings

[ ] Every Feeding

b. Baby Cereal

[ ] Never

[ ] Only Rarely

[ ] Every Few Days

[ ] About Once a Day

[ ] At Most Feedings

[ ] Every Feeding

c. Sweetener

[ ] Never

[ ] Only Rarely

[ ] Every Few Days

[ ] About Once a Day

[ ] At Most Feedings

[ ] Every Feeding

d. Medicine

[ ] Never

[ ] Only Rarely

[ ] Every Few Days

[ ] About Once a Day

[ ] At Most Feedings

[ ] Every Feeding

e. Other (Specify) _______________________________

[ ] Never

[ ] Only Rarely

[ ] Every Few Days

[ ] About Once a Day

[ ] At Most Feedings

[ ] Every Feeding

IF YOUR BABY WAS BREASTFED OR FED BREAST MILK IN THE PAST 7 DAYS, PLEASE CONTINUE.

4. About how long did an average breastfeeding session last?

[ ]  Less than 10 minutes

[ ]  10 to 19 minutes

[ ]  20 to 29 minutes

[ ]  30 to 39 minutes

[ ]  40 to 49 minutes

[ ]  50 or more minutes

5. How many times in the past 7 days was your baby fed pumped breast milk to drink? (Write in 0 if your baby was not fed pumped milk to drink.)

____________________ TIMES

Protocol Name from Source:

The Expert Review Panel has not reviewed this measure yet.

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Self-Report

Life Stage:

Infant

Participants:

Parents who have given birth to at least one healthy, full-term, or near-term infant weighing at least 5 pounds at birth, currently between 6 and 12 months of age.

The Working Group recommends that parents of infants under 6 months may also be interviewed.

Specific Instructions:

Special notes for parents completing these questions include the following:

1. If your baby is regularly cared for by someone else, it is very important that you ask your child care provider to give you information for the feeding questions.

2. If you have older children, please think ONLY about your youngest baby when you answer the questions.

Selection Rationale

The protocol chosen includes questions about the respondent's infant feeding practices and is taken from a national study.

Language

English

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Person Breast Or Bottle feeding Pattern Text 2966276 CDE Browser
Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) Oral breast bottle feeding proto 62578-0 LOINC
Process and Review

The Expert Review Panel has not reviewed this measure yet.

Source
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Infant Feeding Practices Study II (IFPS-II) 2005. Postnatal Month 12, questions A-1.2 (question 1), 5 (question 2), 6 (question 3), 16 (question 4), and 18 (question 5).
General References

Warren, J. J., Weber-Gasparoni, K., Marshall, T. A., Drake, D. R., Dehkordi-Vakil, F., Dawson, D. V., & Tharp, K. M. (2009). A longitudinal study of dental caries risk among very young low SES children. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, 37(2), 116–122.

Protocol ID:

80101

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX080101_Bed_With_Feeding_Frequency PX080101020000 During the past 2 weeks, how often was your baby put to bed with a bottle of formula, breast milk, juice drink, or any other kind of milk? 4 N/A
PX080101_Breastfeeding_Session_Length PX080101040000 IF YOUR BABY WAS BREASTFED OR FED BREAST MILK IN THE PAST 7 DAYS, About how long did an average breastfeeding session last? 4 N/A
PX080101_Feeding_Bottle_Baby_Cereal PX080101030300 How often have you added each of the following items to your baby's bottle or to pumped (or expressed) breast milk in the past 2 weeks? Baby Cereal. 4 N/A
PX080101_Feeding_Bottle_Medicine PX080101030500 How often have you added each of the following items to your baby's bottle or to pumped (or expressed) breast milk in the past 2 weeks? Medicine 4 N/A
PX080101_Feeding_Bottle_Other PX080101030601 How often have you added each of the following items to your baby's bottle or to pumped (or expressed) breast milk in the past 2 weeks? Other 4 N/A
PX080101_Feeding_Bottle_Other_Item PX080101030602 Specify the item(s) added. 4 N/A
PX080101_Feeding_Bottle_Past_Two_Weeks PX080101030100 Did you give your baby a bottle in the past 2 weeks? 4 N/A
PX080101_Feeding_Bottle_Sweetener PX080101030400 How often have you added each of the following items to your baby's bottle or to pumped (or expressed) breast milk in the past 2 weeks? Sweetener 4 N/A
PX080101_Feeding_Bottle_Vitamin_Mineral PX080101030200 How often have you added each of the following items to your baby's bottle or to pumped (or expressed) breast milk in the past 2 weeks? Vitamins or minerals. 4 N/A
PX080101_Feeding_Frequency PX080101010000 In the past 7 days, how many times was your baby usually fed in a 24-hour period? Please include breast feedings, bottles, meals, snacks and night-time feedings. 4 N/A
PX080101_Pumped_Breast_Milk_Times PX080101050000 How many times in the past 7 days was your baby fed pumped breast milk to drink? (Write in 0 if your baby was not fed pumped milk to drink.) 4 N/A
Research Domain Information
Measure Name:

Breast or Bottle Feeding Patterns

Release Date:

December 30, 2009

Definition

A measure to assess the types of feedings and feeding schedules of an infant currently between 6 and 12 months of age.

Purpose

It is well established that bottle-feeding practices that include sweet liquid in the bottle, particularly overnight, increase an infant's risk for early childhood caries.

Keywords

Oral health, Breastfeeding, Bottle-feeding, Infant feeding, Night-time feeding, Infant, Infant Feeding Practices Study II (IFPS-II)